Francis Frith, sometimes Frances Frith, ( born October 31, 1822 in Chesterfield, Derbyshire, † February 25, 1898 in Cannes, France ) was an English photographer who became famous for his recordings from the Orient and many British cities.
Frith attended the Quaker school in Ackworth and then in Birmingham on the Quaker Camp Hill, before he started with a cutlery business. In 1850 he opened a studio for photography in Liverpool under the name Frith and Hayward. In later years he expanded his business to the trade photographic and printing photographs. In 1853 he became a founding member of the Liverpool Photographic Society.
1855 Frith sold his business and devoted himself internsiv of photography. He traveled three times to the Middle East: 1856 to Egypt with very large format cameras (16 × 20 inches ) and related to the development of the collodion process, which represented in a hot and dusty environment a great technical progress. His two other travels took him until 1859 to Palestine and Syria. The diaries, which he led during these trips, tell of the difficulties that had been exposed he and his technique, and finding the correct angle or focus for his recordings.
After his return to England Frith opened in Reigate ( Surrey ) the publisher Francis Frith & Co., which dealt with the sale of reproductions of his photos, and married Mary Ann Rosling. The publisher should be addressed in the future with a huge project, in which, from every city and town of Great Britain (then including Ireland ) should be recorded in photographs of the monuments and other interesting views. The recordings were made at the beginning of Frith himself, later of employees. His company grew to become one of the largest studios in the world and has been expanded to include the production and distribution of postcards.
In 1872 Frith became the clergy of the Quaker - free church ordered (recorded ). He participated in the administration of the Church, was a member of various committees and lectured on the topics of abstinence and pacifism. In the last fifteen years of age he entered within the Quaker Church for a more liberal direction, away from the orthodox, doctrinal ideas which at that time prevailed. He was thus a pioneer of the reforms that have shaped today's picture of the Quaker as an association of philanthropic and educated believers.
Death and afterlife of his company
Frith died in Cannes in his own villa. His family ran the company until its sale in 1968 on. In 1970, she was settled. The archive was acquired by the tobacco company Rothmans as a whole and thus saved from dismemberment. An employee of Rothmans, John Buck took over in 1977 the archive and published since then under the name of The Francis Frith Collection a part of the recordings.
- Egypt and Palestine. Anthology of 58 original photographs and explanatory texts, albumen prints, mounted. Half leather with title on spine and gilt edges, Virtue, London about 1860.
- Egypt, Sinai, and Jerusalem: a Series of Twenty Photographic Views; with descriptions by Sophia Lane Poole (1804-1891) and Reginald Stuart Poole (1832-1895), London: James S. Virtue, [ after 1858 ] ). 20 albumen silver prints, sheet: 53.3 x 73.6 cm. Graphic Arts Collection ( GAX ) Oversize 2004 - 0006E.
- Egypt, Nubia, and Ethiopia: Illustrated by One Hundred Stereoscopic Photographs Taken by Francis Frith for Negretti and Zambra, with Numerous Wood Engravings Description and by Joseph Bonomi; notes by Samuel Sharpe. Smith, Elder, London, 1862.
- Photographs of Egypt and the Holy Land. introduction by Caroline Williams, American University in Cairo Press, Cairo, Egypt in June 1999, ISBN 977-424-516-4.
- The Nahe 1870 online edition dilibri Rhineland -Palatinate
- David Swindell: The Rhine in early photos, photographed by Francis Frith 1863 Houber / Rhein -Mosel -Verlag, Briedel, Mosel, 1986, ISBN 3-929745-34-8. .
- T. Sackett and E. Sackett: Francis Frith 's Dorset Churches. Solitary Print Books, 2000.
- Martin Dunning: Francis Frith 's the South Hams. Frith Book Company, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England 2000, ISBN 1-85937-220-1.
- Martin Dunning: Francis Frith 's the Cornish Coast. Frith Book Company, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England 2000, ISBN 1-85937-163-9.
- Andrew Martin: Francis Frith 's Nottinghamshire. revised edition of the original work. Frith Book Company, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England 2000, ISBN 1-85937-187-6.
- John Bainbrdidge: John Frith 's Dorset Coast. Frith Book Company, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England 2001, ISBN 1-85937-299-6.
- John Sergeant: Britains First Photo Album. Frith Book Company, Salisbury, England 2012, ISBN 978-1-84589-578-5.