Cannes [ kan ] ( Occitan Canas, from Latin canna, reed ' ) is a town with 72 607 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2011) in southern France on the Côte d' Azur in the Alpes - Maritimes.
Cannes is located on the Côte d' Azur, a coastal strip of the Mediterranean. In the hinterland of north-east the foothills of the Southern Alps. West of the city, the Esterel mountains extends to the cliff of red porphyry.
Cannes enjoys a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. The mistral blows occasionally, although the region is protected by the Esterel mountains. Frequently exposed to Cannes is the Levant and the Scirocco, but rarely persist for long. The mean maximum temperatures do not differ from those of Nice. However, the average minimum temperatures throughout the year are lower than about two degrees. The rainfall distribution is typically Mediterranean, with high rainfall in the winter months and low in the summer months.
From the Middle Ages to the early 19th century, Cannes was a fishing village. In the 1830s French and foreign nobles came to the area and built cottages. To date, the city is a meeting place for the rich and famous and has retained a sophisticated character.
In the midst of the resort Cannes is the Boulevard de la Croisette. The Croisette was created after the model of the Promenade des Anglais in Nice in 1850. The Boulevard has a length of two kilometers in the east and ends at the Pointe Croisette, from where one has a view over the entire promenade away at the Festspielhaus. Shops, boutiques, restaurants and bars alternate. Also, three casinos and the Palais des Festivals et des Congrès, in which the the International Film Festival, are located here. Many of the larger hotel chains run a hotel on the Croisette, including InterContinental ( Carlton ), Hilton and Mercure. Not only during the festival you can meet numerous celebrities here. Are located on the Promenade small parks, the promenade itself is a palm fringed shore. Directly below you will find the Plage de la Croisette, a wide sandy beach. As France's largest inner-city park is the cemetery of Cannes, in the Cimetière du Grand Jas on which such well-known figures such as Martine Carol, Klaus Mann or Lily Pons were buried.
South of the city clearly visible from the beach are two islands: Sainte -Marguerite (4.6 km) and Saint- Honorat ( 5.7 Km). Both can be reached by public ferry.
Particularly well known Cannes is by the May annual International Film Festival. Also, the annual advertising festival " Cannes Lions International Advertising Festival" is internationally renowned. Since 1987, the " Festival International des Jeux ", the International Games Festival takes place in February / March, 2012 in which three days were 150,000 visitors.
Every year in March, the MIPIM, the world 's largest commercial real estate and operating fair settlement, and in November the MAPIC, a commercial real estate exhibition, at the Palais des festivals. Organizer Reed MIDEM is, it takes four days.
Furthermore, here the Midem Festival takes place.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Paolo Barzman, French - American film director
- Yann Bonato, Basketball Player
- Pilar de Borbón, Infanta of Spain and Duchess of Badajoz
- Sarah Bouhaddi, soccer player
- Jean -Jacques Kantorow, violinist and conductor
- Brandon Maisano, racers
- Víctor Merenda, film director, screenwriter and actor
- Johan Micoud, football player
- Anthony Modeste, football player
- Hamed Namouchi, football player
- Gérard Philipe, theater and film actor
- François Smesny, actor
- Anne Spoerry, French -Kenyan doctor and pilot
The following persons have lived in Cannes:
- Louis Blanc, founder of Social Democracy in France
- Victor Cousin, French philosopher and cultural theorist
- Friedrich Franz III. , Grand Duke of Mecklenburg
- Charles Grant, Baron Glenelg, Scottish politician
- Jules Girard, a French literary scholar
- Benjamin Godard, French composer
- Nikolai Jew Nitsch, Russian general
- Prosper Mérimée, French writer
- Jens Ferdinand Willumsen, Danish painter and sculptor, died at Cannes on April 4, 1958
- Jacques Monod, French biochemist and officer of the Legion of Honor
- Édith Piaf, French chanteuse
- Regnaud Auguste de Saint -Jean d' Angely, general, statesman and Marshal of France
- Eduard Rhein, German inventor, journalist and writer
- Léon- Philippe Teisserenc de Bort, discoverer of the stratosphere
- Alexis de Tocqueville, journalist and politician
- Klaus Mann, German writer, son of Thomas Mann, is buried in Cannes.
- Zinedine Zidane, World Player, started his career at Cannes.
A beautiful sandy beach is ideal for swimming and relaxing. In addition, the perfume town of Grasse by bus is accessible and Nice is only half an hour away.
Before Cannes is a group of islands, two islands of Sainte-Marguerite and Saint -Honorat are easily visible from the city and can be reached by public ferry. On the island of Sainte -Marguerite, the museum ( Musée de la Mer ) is the prison of the man in the iron mask.
Cannes has a railway station with direct TGV link to Paris ( about five hours ); the city is connected by the Marseille- Ventimiglia railway line and the railway Cannes -Grasse to the railway network SNCF. It thus includes the towns of Antibes, Nice and Monaco reach. The route to Ventimiglia leads directly along the sea. Until the Second World War was the Cannes train station destination of many luxury trains such as the Riviera - Express or Vienna -Nice -Cannes Express. By 2007, the railway station from the trains running since 1883 Train Bleu was served, the most important for many years night train between Paris and the Riviera.
The public bus service in Cannes, as well as the towns of Le Cannet and Mandelieu la Napoule operates bus Azur. The intercity buses of Rapides Côte d' Azur Cannes connect with Nice and Grasse.
The Cannes-Mandelieu Airport is located west of the city and can be served because of the hilly area of only about aircraft up to the size of an ATR 72. Until the Second World War, he was the most important airport on the Côte d' Azur.
- Spain Madrid, Spain, since 1957
- United Kingdom Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, United Kingdom, since 1970
- United States Beverly Hills, United States, since 1986
- Japan Shizuoka, Japan, since 1991
- Israel Tel Aviv, Israel, since 1993
- China People's Republic of Sanya, People's Republic of China, since 1997
- Mexico Acapulco, Mexico, since 1998
- Switzerland Saanen, Switzerland,