Antibes? / I ( okzitan. Antibol ) is a town with 75 176 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2011) in southeastern France in the Alpes - Maritimes ( 06) of the Provence- Alpes- Côte d' Azur region. Antibes is together with the seaside resort of Juan -les-Pins holiday resort on the Côte d' Azur. For reasons of tourism it is also marketed under the name of Antibes Juan -les-Pins. The city is a very good transport connected. It lies at the foot of the Alps on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, east of Cannes and to the west of Nice (Nice) and directly on the Autoroute 8 (La Provençale ), on the railway line from Marseille to Monaco and in the direct neighborhood of the airport of Nice. Within the narrow and winding old town you will find a variety of shops. Famous is the sea and marina of Port Vauban.
Antibes is one of the oldest towns on the Côte d' Azur. It originated from the Greek city of Antipolis ( Αντίπολις ). The city was founded around 340 BC by the Greeks. Antipolis meaning " the city opposite Nikaïa Polis " ( Nice). In the 4th century BC, the Greeks taught here a small trading station, consisting of warehouses, from where you operate outside the city walls trade with the coastal inhabitants. Later Antibes was expanded by the Romans to a major city and in late antiquity also bishopric. From the Roman period comes an inscription discovered here consecration for God Ollioules.
In 1386 Antibes fell into the possession of the Grimaldi, who sold it in the 16th century in France. The French king had Antibes expand into a fortress after Nice had fallen to Savoy in the 14th century.
The seaside resort of Juan -les-Pins was established in 1882. At the beginning of the 20th century, left many writers and artists, including Picasso, settled in the city. This was a major advancement for Antibes.
The town consists of several clearly distinguishable sets of districts, of which the most important myself Antibes and Juan -les-Pins.
Antibes has had its ancient name Antipolis for an important commercial area in the hinterland, Sophia Antipolis, resurrect, which is for the most part on the territory of the commune of Valbonne; here are mostly companies that are active in the research and development of new technologies.
Sophia Antipolis but is also the name of the agglomeration ( communauté d' agglomÃ ), which was formed around Antibes and from 16 municipalities of: Antibes, Le Bar- sur -Loup, Biot (Alpes -Maritimes), Caussols, Châteauneuf -Grasse, La Colle- sur -Loup, Courmes, Gourdon, Opio, Roquefort -les -Pins, Le Rouret, Saint -Paul -de- Vence, Tourrettes- sur -Loup, Valbonne, Vallauris and Villeneuve- Loubet.
The Greater Antibes is divided into three cantons, but the community Antibes itself is only administrative headquarters of two of them:
- Canton of Antibes- Biot, consisting of the northern and eastern part of the municipality of Antibes and Biot ( 35.410 inhabitants)
- Canton of Antibes- Centre, which consists of the central area of Antibes ( 28,502 inhabitants)
The western part of the metropolitan area is part of the Canton of Vallauris - Antibes- Ouest.
Culture / Sightseeing
The lake and marina, Port Vauban was named after the city planner and architect Vauban. With about 1700 Moorings he is one of the largest marinas in Europe. At this marina, which is also called the billionaire port, create the greatest yachts. The two most expensive private yachts in the world ( Annaliesse and Alysia ) are the winter there, as well as the famous luxury yachts Kingdom 5KR and Carinthia VII
Another highlight of Antibes is Fort Carré at the port. The fort was built in 1553 on a small hill behind the harbor to protect the city and the harbor. It was extended by Vauban in 1680 and in the course of the following centuries it was repeatedly rebuilt and expanded. Today, Fort Carré is a listed building and is open to visitors. This is also worthwhile because it has from the fortress a good view of the harbor and the old town behind.
- At Cours Masséna find the remains of the Roman period.
- The Rosary altar in the Cathedral of Antibes ( 1515, the bell tower dates from the 12th century) probably comes from Louis Bréa.
- The covered market on the Cours Masséna
- The Marineland aquarium d' Antibes
- The Jazz Festival of Juan- les-Pins is held annually in July.
- The villa Eilenroc on the south coast of Cap d' Antibes is a neo-classical, which was designed by Charles Garnier Villa with very nice park.
- The chapel Notre -Dame-de -la- Garoupe (13th - 16th century) in Cap d' Antibes was restored after 1944 and decorated with frescoes by Emile Colin.
- The Jardin Botanique de la Villa Thuret is also located in Cap d' Antibes.
- In Juan -les-Pins is a casino
- The Picasso Museum in the Chateau Grimaldi
- The Musée de la Carte Postale in the Avenue Tour Nelli
- The Musée Peynet on the Place Nationale
- The Musée du Archaeological Bastion Saint -André
- The Musée Naval et napeléonien ( shipping and Napoleon Museum ) in La Batterie du Graillon in Cap d'Antibes with the return from Elba as a focus
- The Fondation Hartung Bergman, a museum of contemporary art. In the former home and studio works by the artist couple Hans Hartung and Anna- Eva Bergman are shown.
Cap d' Antibes, the peninsula south of the city, is a bastion of wealth and exclusivity, mainly by F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel Tender is the Night ( Tender Is the Night ) became known; Hôtel des Étrangers the novel has its model at the Hôtel du Cap -Eden -Roc, one of the most expensive hotels in the world.
- Antibes: On the eastern beginning of the Cap d' Antibes peninsula between the Ilette and the small harbor of Port de la Salis is the beach Plage de la Salis. This quite broad and sandy family beach is public. Directly next to the Old Town, in a bay at Port Vauban, the Plage de la Gavotte is located behind the harbor walls, and another public, but considerably smaller beach, but is also feisandig interspersed with stones and rocks. Behind the port, from the football field below the Fort Carré to the Quartier La Brague with its campsites stretches over several kilometers a broad gravel beach back. This is, however, accompanied by the railway and the National Road.
- Juan -les- Pins: The beach promenade of Juan -les-Pins is typical of the Côte d' Azur: residential development until shortly before the bank, national road, palm-lined promenade, including the narrow but sandy beach (which is usually awarded to deck chair rental ) crowding in a confined space. The best beaches, because the least affected by the road, located in the east of Juan- les-Pins between the casino and the Port de Gallice ( marina ). The further west, followed by the beach of Golfe-Juan Vallauris already belongs to the neighboring community.
- Cap d' Antibes: the rocky peninsula has hardly any beaches. There is only the small beach Garoupe with its private beaches.
Buses connect the Envibus Antibes with the surrounding area. The fares of the line 200 of the Rapides Côte d' Azur Cannes and Nice were to reduce road congestion, set to 1.50 € (as of 2014).
Antibes is connected via its located in the center station on the railway Cannes -Nice - Ventimiglia on the French rail network. At Antibes Train Station stop TGV trains, intercity trains and regional trains. In addition, the district Juan -les-Pins has its own station on the same route, but only serves regional traffic.
Antibes is twinned with
- Denmark Aalborg in Denmark, since June 1975
- Germany Schwäbisch Gmünd in Baden- Württemberg ( Germany ), since 1976
- Israel Eilat in Israel since February 1982
- Ireland Kinsale in Ireland since March 1990
- United States Newport Beach, California (USA), since April 1990
- Italy Desenzano del Garda in Lombardy, Italy, in July 2001
- Greece Archea Olymbia in the Peloponnese, Greece, October 2003
Sons and daughters of the town
- Laurent Achard (born 1964 ), film director, producer and screenwriter
- Jacques Audiberti (1899-1965), writer, playwright, poet and journalist
- Christophe Gans ( born 1960 ), director, producer and screenwriter
- Honoré Charles Reille - (1775-1860), General, Marshal and Peer of France
- Honoré Vial (1766-1813), General of Infantry
Individuals with relationship to Antibes
- Maximilian Ulysses Browne (1705-1757) besieged Antibes 1746
- Charles Louis Auguste Fouquet de Belle -Isle (1684-1761) 1746 lifted the siege on
- Jean- Étienne Championnet (1762-1800) died in Antibes
- Gustave Adolphe Thuret (1817-1875) founded a marine biological research station and the Jardin Botanique de la Villa Thuret
- Guy de Maupassant (1850-1893) wrote here in 1885 Sur l' Eau
- Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) had in Antibes July to December 1946, a workshop
- Nikos Kazantzakis (1883-1957) lived here since 1948
- Jacques Audiberti (1899-1966) was born in Antibes
- Claude Autant - Lara (1901-2000) died in Antibes
- Hans Hartung (1904-1989) died in Antibes
- Graham Greene (1904-1991) novelist lived in Antibes last from 1966 to 1990 in the same house as before Jean -Maurice Bosc
- Lilian Harvey (1906-1968) German -British actress died in Juan -les-Pins
- Georg Solti (1912-1997), conductor, died in Antibes
- Nicolas de Staël (1914-1955) committed suicide on March 16, 1955 by jumping from the balcony of his studio in Antibes life
- Jean -Maurice Bosc (1924-1973) died in Antibes
- Herbert Zang (1924-2003) lived in Antibes, won with a painting of Antibes 1952 art prize
- Liselott Linsenhoff (1927-1999) died in Antibes