Princeton (New Jersey)
Princeton [ pɹɪnstən ] is a small university in the U.S. city in Mercer County (New Jersey), where according to the 23 United States Census 28,572 ( Princeton Township: 16,265; Borough of Princeton: 12,307 ) people ( as of 2010).
- 3.1 educational institutions
- 3.2 Established businesses
- 3.3 traffic
- 4.1 The Princeton Cemetery
- 5.1 Sons and daughters of the town
- 5.2 Notable people with connection to Princeton
The city was one of the focal points of the American Revolutionary War. The Battle of Princeton was decided on January 3, 1777.
Princeton was in 1783 for six months, the capital of the United States of America. At this time the Second Continental Congress met in Nassau Hall 's famous on the grounds of Princeton University.
Administratively, the city was Princeton from 1894 to 2012 from two communities, as they split due to a dispute over school fees in Princeton Township and Princeton Borough. In November 2011, the congregations decided to merge back to a community that then simply be called Princeton. The consolidation came into force on 1 January 2013.
The first mayor of the reunified Princeton is the Democrat Liz Lempert.
Economy and infrastructure
The prestigious Princeton University has since 1756 headquartered in Princeton; it was founded in 1746 as the College of New Jersey ( until 1896 ) in Elizabeth. Also, the Institute for Advanced Study, where Albert Einstein worked, among others, has its headquarters in Princeton. Other Universities in Princeton are the Westminster Choir College ( Rider University ) and Princeton Theological Seminary. In Princeton is also home to the McCarter Theatre one of the most famous in New Jersey.
Although Princeton is mainly known for the university, a number of well-known business and industrial companies have their seat For example, the Institute for Advanced Study, Educational Testing Service (ETS ), Opinion Research Corporation, Siemens Corporate Research, Bristol -Myers Squibb, Sarnoff Corporation, FMC Corporation, The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Amrep, Church and Dwight, Berlitz International, and Dow Jones & Company in Princeton with their headquarters or major offices located. In neighboring Lawrenceville who is still an agricultural experimental station of BASF.
In the north of Princeton is a privately -operated airport, Princeton Airport ( FAA identifier: 39N ) on which there is also a car rental agency, two charter companies as well as two flight schools - one only for helicopters - are. The airport serves private aviation.
In Princeton is Drumthwacket, the official residence of the Governor of New Jersey is located. The current governor, Chris Christie, however, has preferred not to live there. Drumthwacket can be seen by appointment on Wednesdays.
The Princeton Cemetery
The 1757 scale Cemetery Princeton is important people, especially scientists at Princeton University, the final resting place for a number. Among other things, you will find there the graves of
- Aaron Burr (1756-1836), 3rd Vice President of the United States ( under Thomas Jefferson ); killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel
- Kurt Gödel (1906-1978), see above
- Arnold Henri Guyot (1807-1884), Swiss- American naturalist and geographer
- Donald Lambert (1904-1962), American jazz pianist
- Solomon Lefschetz (1884-1972), American mathematician
- Lyman Spitzer (1914-1997), American astrophysicist
- William Milligan Sloane (1850-1928), American philologist and historian
- John von Neumann (1903-1957), Hungarian -born mathematician, physicist and computer scientist
- Eugene Paul Wigner (1902-1995), Hungarian - American physicist
Sons and daughters of the town
- Garrett Birkhoff, mathematician
- Michael Bradley, soccer player
- Mary Chapin Carpenter, country and folk singer
- Iris Chang, author
- David Childs, architect
- Jessica Hecht, Actress
- Chuck Henderson, Jazz Musicians
- Chris Hopkins, a jazz musician
- John Katzenbach, author
- Robert Kraft, record producer and film score composer
- Florencia Lozano, Actress
- Christopher McQuarrie, screenwriter, film producer and film director
- Bebe Neuwirth, dancer and actress
- Daniel Pearl, journalist
- Paul Robeson, actor, singer, athlete, author and civil rights activist
- John P. Stockton, politicians
- Richard Stockton, Founding Father of the United States
- Richard Stockton Jr., politician
- Robert F. Stockton, naval officer and politician
- Randolph West, American physician (M. D. ) and biochemists
Notable people with connection to Princeton
- Svetlana Alliluyeva, daughter of Josef Stalin lived after your escape from the Soviet Union in Princeton
- John Altman ( born 1952 ), writer
- Trey Anastasio (born 1964 ), member of the band Phish, lived with his family in Princeton
- Milton Babbitt, composer and Professer at Princeton University
- Saul Bellow, writer and Professer at Princeton University
- Paul Benacerraf, philosopher and Professer at Princeton University
- Peter Benchley, author & screenwriter ( Jaws, The Deep ) lived, and died in Princeton
- Ben Bernanke, Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board ( Federal Reserve Chairman ), Professer at Princeton University
- Aaron Burr, Sr. (1715-1757), co-founder of Princeton University, and second President of the same
- Grover Cleveland (1837-1908), 22nd and 24th President of the United States, spent his life in Princeton
- Albert Einstein, physicist, Nobel Prize winner and a Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study
- Kurt Gödel, Austrian-American mathematician, logician and philosopher, Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study
- Michael Graves, architect, lives and works in Princeton
- Ethan Hawke, actor
- John Lithgow, actor, lived in his youth in Princeton
- Thomas Mann, a writer, held a guest professorship at Princeton University
- John Forbes Nash, Jr., mathematician, Nobel Prize winner, of whose life the film A Beautiful Mind - is genius and madness, a professor at Princeton University
- Bebe Neuwirth, actress, grew up in Princeton
- Joyce Carol Oates, writer, professor at Princeton University
- J. Robert Oppenheimer, physicist, director of the Institute for Advanced Study
- Christopher Reeve, actor, grew up in Princeton