Frans Hals

Frans Hals (* 1580-1585 in Antwerp, † August 10 1666 in Haarlem ) was a Dutch painter. He is counted among the most important portrait painters.


Frans Hals was the son of the Antwerp cloth merchant Franchoys neck malinois and his wife Adriaentgen van Geertenryck; his younger brother, the painter Dirck Hals was born on 19 March 1591 in Haarlem. Frans Hals was probably to 1603 apprentice of the painter Carel van Mander. In 1610 he was admitted to the Guild of St. Luke, the local painters' guild of Haarlem. Also in 1610 he married his first wife Annetje Harman Dochter. They were (1611-1669) was born the following year on September 2, the first son, Harmen neck. 1615, his wife died after the birth of their second son Frans and was buried in the paupers' cemetery of the city of Haarlem. A better funeral could not finance neck. He suffered throughout his life from a chronic lack of money. 1616, during a stay in Antwerp, was the nurse, who provided his children, even dependent claim the fare money. The following year, 1617, he married his second wife Lysbeth Reynier, who still should pay eight other children to him. So neck had at the end of ten children, five of them also bred and trained to painters sons, namely:

  • Harmen neck (1611-1669)
  • Frans Hals the Younger II (1618-1669)
  • January neck (1620-1674)
  • Reynier neck (1627-1671)
  • Nicolaes neck (1628-1687)

Among the early works are the portraits of the Haarlem Archers, which he consistently painted after 1616, the most important. The last of these paintings he presented in 1637 finish. This year, suddenly ended up in all of Holland, orders for protecting images. Frans Hals resorted instead to painting group images of Hospital chiefs. In 1644 he became head of the Haarlem painters' guild. In addition, he also painted a large amount of individual portraits, even of such important figures as René Descartes ( 1648), as well as the aged cloth merchant Willem van Heythuysen. Frans Hals was in his lifetime already very famous, highly respected, and his clientele far beyond Haarlem borders. For example, in 1680 placed probate inventory of marine and landscape painter Jan van de Cappelle ( 1626-1679? ) Listed several Frans Hals paintings. This friend of Rembrandt van Rijn artist had allowed himself to portray both of this and of Frans Hals.

After the death of Peter Paul Rubens ( 1640) and Anthony van Dyck ( 1641) Frans Hals became the most important portraitist in the Netherlands. For portraits of individuals is significant public contracts, the consolidated his reputation internationally joined.

Neck importance as a painter extends zoom in the Netherlands and Flanders to that of a Rembrandt van Rijn, a Peter Paul Rubens or a Jan Vermeer van Delft. So many streets are named accordingly in Dutch and in Belgian cities and towns after him, such as Frans Halsstraat in Kerkrade Haanrade.

Student of neck

In the art historical literature are referred to as his students:


Frans Hals be assigned 222 paintings based on the work directory of Seymour Slive (1974 ) added 20 paintings that are considered to be lost. 81 other paintings attributed to him, these write-ups are, however, considered or rejected critical.

Especially his feast of the officers of the St. George's Archers of 1616 became known. In addition, he created genre scenes of drunkards, Gypsies and women with their work, plus many children portraits such as The Rommelpot.

Great vitality and good characterization draw his with bold brushstrokes executed, sketchy paintings from acting (eg Malle Babbe ). The Impressionists saw Frans Hals one of its precursors.

His portrait bust portrait of a young man in 1979 when stolen art theft of Gotha from the exhibition at peace flintlock and since then is considered lost.

Rommelpot with five children (1618-1622)


" Due to its unusual way of painting, which is unique, it actually surpasses everyone. His pictures are with such force and vitality fulfilled, that nature seems to defy even his brush. This can be seen in all his portraits. They are painted in the manner that they seem to live and breathe. "