Howard Winchester Hawks (* May 30, 1896 in Goshen, Indiana, † December 26, 1977 in Palm Springs, California ) was an American film director of the classic era of Hollywood. Hawks distinguished herself across genres as one of the most important American film directors and created major classics such as Scarface ( gangster film ), Bringing Up Baby you do not ( comedy), The Big Sleep (film noir ), Red River ( Western) and The Thing from Another World (Science fiction ). For his life's work of the director in 1975 received an honorary Oscar; Two years later, Hawks died at the age of 81 years.
- 4.1 Official honors
- 4.2 Other recognitions
Howard Hawks was born in Goshen, Indiana, the eldest son of a paper mill owner. He completed his college from Exeter (New Hampshire ), and then studied engineering. His first experience with silent films he made with the Players- Lasky studios. In World War I he worked as a pilot and recruiter for the United States Air Force. Even in his military service, he drew on a lot, but his entire documents have been destroyed during a military archive fire. After the war he worked in an aircraft factory. He tried to come across many ways back into the movie business, among other things, by film jobs such as editors, art director, prop master or as a stuntman. In 1918 he first came to the film industry in Hollywood in contact. He worked behind the scenes, as in a film by Douglas Fairbanks failed the Designer and might step Hawks. Fairbanks was so excited that he gave him further arrangements. He worked in the following years, including as an assistant director and wrote his first screenplays. As in a film by Mary Pickford, the director turned out for being drunk, came another chance for Hawks. Pickford was so pleased with him that he could make himself a name as a talented director. The Road To Glory (1926 ) was his first own film. His directorial work was distinguished henceforth by large variety of genres ( Comedy, Thriller, Western). They managed to set new standards in different genres of cinema him. Particularly well known is his movie Scarface (, scar face '); it was the first great gangster film, and Hawks created with it a milestone in film history. As a producer, he has performed with the sci-fi classic The Thing from Another World in appearance. His last film was the late Western Rio Lobo.
In particular, the Western genre he coined his own note, which can be described as follows: Often the main character is put under severe mental pressure, to thereby observe the reaction - it is the situation withstand or break her? To create such situations it has means, such as overlapping dialogues used in order to achieve a speed increase in order. This takes the call its own dynamic, and it will power up. In addition, Hawks gave many of his films always have a touch of his humor. One example is the John Wayne classic Red River, Rio Bravo, El Dorado and Rio Lobo.
* Without naming.
Although Howard Hawks had staged numerous classics of cinema, he was always overlooked in the annual Oscar award. He only received an Oscar nomination in 1942 for the film Sergeant York. He helped with his films, however, many Hollywood actors to international success and numerous Oscars. But for his life's work, he received an honorary Oscar in 1975 then, after he had long since ended his career. For a Golden Globe Award, he was never nominated.
( Year unbek ) Star on the Walk of Fame 1708 Vine Street
His directorial style and his lively natural dialogues were judged by later directors such as Robert Altman, John Carpenter and Quentin Tarantino as exemplary. Other directors such as Peter Bogdanovich, Martin Scorsese, Francois Truffaut, Jacques Rivette, Michael Mann and admired his work. Brian De Palma dedicated to him and Ben Hecht his remake of Scarface. Jean -Luc Godard described him as "the greatest American artists."
The films The Big Sleep, Bringing Up Baby, His Girl Friday, Red River, Scarface, Sergeant York, The Thing from Another World and Twentieth Century were classified by the Library of Congress as culturally significant ' and recorded in the National Film Registry.