Inigo Jones

Inigo Jones ( born July 15, 1573 London, † June 21, 1652 ibid ) is regarded as the first significant English architect of classicism.


Little is known about his childhood and youth. Jones pupil and son John Webb noted that there were no confirmed reports of Jones youth. Webb published some biographical notes on Jones lives in the preface of from Jones written in the 1620s and Webb 1655 first published book, "The most notable antiquity of Great Britain, vulgarly called Stone - Heng, on Salisbury Plain. "

Jones may be trained as a carpenter (about 1588-1595 ) and then spent several years in Italy. According to Webb, he was then for a short time in the service of Christian IV of Denmark. From 1605 until the dismissal of Charles I by Oliver Cromwell in 1642, he worked as a stage designer and architect for the English court. After a further period of study in Italy from 1613 to 1614 together with Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, Inigo Jones was appointed in 1615 to the Surveyor of the King 's Works. For him oblage as general manager for the supervision of all construction issues of the court.

Through his work, the English architecture was released from the late medieval tradition and in the spirit of classicism palladianistischen renewed ( Palladian derived by Andrea Palladio ). His major works include the Queen's House in Greenwich (1616-1635), the Banqueting House in Whitehall, London (1619-1622), Prince 's Lodging, Newmarket (1619-1621) and Wilton House in Wiltshire ( begun in 1632, renovated after a fire in 1647 ). The project for Covent Garden (1631-1637) with its arcade structure was the most important urban work of Inigo Jones and influenced as a result the design of the London squares and terraced houses.