Iraqi Transitional Government

After Saddam Hussein and his nationalist- socialist and secular Ba'athist regime in Iraq in 2003 by the US-led coalition forces ( which included nor Britain, Italy, Poland, Japan, Spain and Ukraine among others) had been overthrown, ruled the used by the U.S. civil administrator Paul Bremer and Iraqi Governing Council from 1 June 2004, the day that officially ended the occupation and a sovereign Iraq restored, the Iraqi Interim Government of Iraq. Prime Minister of Iraq was the secular Shiite Ayad Allawi, was president of the Sunni tribal leaders and Ghazi al - Yawar.

On 30 January 2005, the first free elections in Iraq since Saddam Hussein's fall took place. There were 275 seats assigned in the new Iraqi parliament, at least a third of them had, according to the interim constitution, go to women. The election was overshadowed by the fear of terrorism and calls for a boycott of Sunni clerics. Many Sunnis boycotted also, as had been feared the election. Nevertheless, the turnout was about 58 %, because the Shiites and the Kurds were a majority for election.

Winner was with 48% of votes produced the predominantly Shiite United Iraqi Alliance (United Iraqi Alliance), the second strongest was the Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan, the third- highest number of votes was led by Iyad Allawi, a secular Iraqi List. The UIA and the Kurdish Alliance Party joined a coalition government.

The new National Assembly now has the task of drawing up a final Iraqi constitution by August 15, 2005 and must be confirmed by a two- thirds majority of the National Assembly; also approved, on 15 October 2005, the Iraqi people in a referendum on the new constitution.

On 16 March 2005, the National Assembly had its first meeting. After lengthy negotiations, the National Assembly nominated on 4 April a parliament president and his two deputies. On 6 April, the Assembly elected a President and two Vice - Presidents. This Presidential Council nominated a prime minister, which was confirmed with his ( so far incomplete ) Cabinet on 28 April by the National Assembly.

Parliament President

The Parliament President chairs the meetings and votes of the National Assembly.


Iraqi President does not have many powers, but can pardon death row inmates and is officially the commander of the Iraqi armed forces.


The post of Deputy Prime Minister, which should be occupied by a Turkmen woman allegedly, and the Human Rights Minister, who was scheduled for a Sunni, were not occupied. Actually, the Sunni Hashim al- Shibli was nominated as a human rights minister, a position he refused on the grounds that he wanted to be not only appointed because of his religion; Moreover, he had not been asked before the appointment.

The Iraqi cabinet was still incomplete (there were seven items not occupied ) was sworn in on May 3. The completed, current cabinet was sworn in on May 8th.

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