John Zorn ( born September 2, 1953 in New York City ) is an American composer and bandleader. He plays saxophone and clarinet. John Zorn is also working as a music producer, is the owner of the record label Tzadik and the event premises Stone Music Lab in Manhattan and has worked with many experimental musicians, especially in the field of new music and jazz, collaborated.
- 4.1 Lexicographic entries
Zorn played as a child piano, guitar and flute. During his studies at Webster College, he learned, influenced by Anthony Braxton and his teachers there, Oliver Lake, saxophone playing. Initially, more interested in contemporary music, he turned in the 1970s to jazz. He dropped out of formal education and returned to the detour via the West Coast to New York to concentrate in the vicinity of the music scene in the Lower East Side on musical projects. He earned during this time his livelihood, among others, working in a record store.
, One of his early influences besides Braxton, Eugene Chadbourne and Ornette Coleman, Karlheinz Stockhausen. Wrath music is characterized by the processing of numerous musical styles from a variety of sources, such as film music for cartoons, free jazz, hardcore or Jewish folklore. Anger often combines short musical sequences in collagen- like form, partly in rapid succession. In 1975 he founded his Theatre of Musical Optics and first began working with Chadbourne, Tom Cora, Wayne Horvitz, Polly Bradfield and LaDonna Smith. International recognition he reached in the 1980s. Over the next decade he worked in both New York and Tokyo, where he wrote many works and performed. In 1998 he produced the album " 1930" of the Japanese noise artist Merzbow.
Anger explicitly declares his Jewish origin and processed in some of his projects traditionally Jewish elements. He founded the record label Tzadik. He formulated a new so-called " Radical Jewish Culture " and adopted a manifesto on the radical Judaism of his music, in which he stated, inter alia:
" The Jew has always been a double origin questioning: the questioning of the self and the questioning of the 'others'. Since he never had the opportunity granted ceasing to be Jewish, he is forced to formulate the question of his identity. Therefore, he is confronted from the beginning with the discourse of the 'other', and often hangs his life depended on it. [ ... ] I realized that a Jew is someone who believes naively that he will be when he selflessly contributing to its host culture, accepted. However, we are the underdogs of the world. That is what attracted me to the trunk [ tribe ] -. Culture of the outsider "
2006 he was a MacArthur Fellow.
The musical work of John Zorn was divided by Joachim -Ernst Berendt and Gunther Huesmann in her jazz book in eight broad categories:
Zorn also composed many film soundtracks and worked for orchestras and ensembles such as the Kronos Quartet. On his record label Tzadik and Avant he has recorded and produced a great wealth of albums.
In the current edition of the book Jazz John Zorn is referred to as the outstanding and most influential jazz musicians of our time. This assessment is very controversial because anger music is not derived from the African-American musical tradition in the first place. Rather, this is only one influence among many dar. anger itself, rejecting the term jazz musician for themselves from rigorous.