Kashan is the name of a known type of Persian carpets. Since there is no official transcription of the Persian- Arabic for German - Latin script, one finds different spellings such as: Keshan, Keshan, Kashan Kashan and. Kashan is located in Central Iran on the ancient caravan route, then further from Tehran to Kashan, Qum, Yazd, Kerman to India and Pakistan.
As with many other Persian provenances also is the place Kashan stack space and therefore namesake for all knotted carpets in the surrounding areas. The collective term extends to approximately eighty villages and spots, the most important Abusaidabad, Aliabad, Armak Aroun (now almost a suburb of Kashan ), Chonsar, Fin, Kamsahr, Hataris, Nasirabad, Nischkahn, Nuschabad, Rahak, Ravand, Tahirabad and Vasvan are. Furthermore, would be the far southeast location Natanz mentioned.
Kashan carpets are among the best classic Oriental rugs. The knotting with the Persian knot, not with the widespread most Persian rugs Turkish knot. The knotting is probably due to the Seljuks and their invasion in the 11th century, although there are already the oldest carpets in tombs from about 400 BC. In the period of Mongol rule of the previous two centuries, the technique was developed to perfection. The weaving technique of Kashan carpets was set in 2010 by UNESCO on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
The place Kashan may refer to an ancient textile tradition, which is already mentioned in travel reports of the 16th and 17th centuries. The craftsmen of this town on the western edge of the Great Salt Desert, Dasht -e Kavir, were once famous for their outstanding woven from cotton and silk. In the 16th century, the art-loving Safawidenkönige, Abbas I ( 1587-1529 ) and then established Abbas II ( 1642-1667 ) here first silk weaving, soon after Teppichknüpfmanufakturen, which came to its zenith. Shah Abbas I, known as the Great - he is considered one of the most important patrons of Persian art, especially carpet weaving - is buried in a magnificent mausoleum in Kashan.
Old Kashan rugs are distinguished by the fact that at least one weft yarn is colored light blue. The central medallion shows different shapes, often with many bulges, and has followers, and in the interstices of other parts medallions. The ground on which the medallion rests, is covered tightly with arabesques, palmettes, leaves and other plant elements, often small birds and animals added. These motifs, the carpets appear soft and flowing.
A significant reference to the art historical carpet importance Kaschans contains the "Holy Carpet " from the Mosque of Ardabil. He is in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London issued. The Ardabil carpet was completed in 1539-1540 and is the oldest dated carpet in the world. This extremely finely knotted carpet measures 11.52 x 5.34 m and has a node density of over 520,000 knots / m². Shah Tahmasp ( 1524-1576 ) gave these carpets for the shrine of his ancestors, Shaykh Safi al -Din, in Ardebil in order. the carpet was made as a couple. the second, only partially preserved piece is located in the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles. Scripture cartridge of this huge, over sixty -square-foot splendor carpet are next to the year, the name and origin of the knotter again: . Maqsud Keschani the Persian suffix " i" is the commonly used in the German preposition " to / from " equal and therefore means " Maqsud from Kashan " another time testimony is the famous Viennese hunting carpet from the 16th century, probably also a weave. is from Kashan.
Reported is the fact that the Swedish- Polish King Sigismund III. (1566-1632), on the merchant Muratowitz in Kashan carpets ordered - known in the literature as so-called Polish carpets - and their production was monitored locally in Kashan of his Orient travelers. The weaving tradition but later seems to have gotten a break, because afterwards from the centuries Kaschans can not be more clearly demonstrated. The situation changed dramatically in the second half of the 19th century, were opened as new factories in Kashan, which then primarily served the export. There were founded such renowned manufacturers as Ateschoghli, Burudscherdi (primarily a trading house ), Tabatabai, Mohtascham, Dabir - Sanayeh, gas Telli & Sadaghiani, Ghaffari, Ghotbi, Golhaneh, Taftchandjian and Kazan. Many of these manufacturers have meanwhile has closed the doors again, knotting her but leave the famous names live on.
In particular, the work of the top manufacturers Mohtascham and Dabir - Sanayeh are looking for and are today with the TOP of what the Oriental Rug antique market has to offer.
To illustrate its leading position and its quality even over the laity, he is referred to under the hand-knotted in the trade sometimes jokingly referred to as the "Mercedes". As original Kashan he is one of the hardiest oriental rugs, which is also patterned consuming and very traditional. The main colors are red, followed by dark blue, beige ivory and pale green reeds.
The Carpet Museum of Iran, a particularly beautiful prayer rug from the early 20th century can be seen. It is 360 x 290 cm tall and worked in silk on cotton and is described as follows:
" This sublime paperback with Silberfädem carpet is one of the masterpieces of Kashan in the 19th century and probably woven in the workshop of Mr. Tafazolly. The pattern of the carpet is a prayer niche with a tree that fills the main draw of the carpet with its colorful palmette flowers. We also see palmettes About the niche. The main border of the carpet framed with their fluctuating palmette flowers, the peloton "
In October 2001, a carpet was in London for U.S. $ 64,609.00 auctioned: A KASHAN ' MOCHTASHAM ' carpet Central Persia, circa 1890 with the following description ( translation ):
" A carpet made for cell -i -Sultan The small inscription on the outer border says: Qazan carpet and partners. The large inscription reads: In Manufactures for its excellence, the most noble, the most happy, the most beautiful, the sublime, the superscript son of the King of kings, the highest large cell -i - Sutan and commissioned by the one of the holds rank of major Nasr al -Mulk. "
Cell -i -Sultan was the eldest son of Shah Nasir al - Din. His mother was without a reasonable level, so he was not able to ascend the throne. He was governor of Isfahan 1870-1875 and thus controlled half of the country of Nasrulla Khan, who received the title of Nasr al - Mulk, and was one of Shah Nasir al -Din accompanied on his trip to Europe 1873-1874, although there is no known connection part between the holder of this title and cell -i -Sultan.