KwaZulu ( German: "Land of the Zulu " ) was a Homeland in the east of South Africa, which had been set up for the Zulu. The capital was Ulundi. KwaZulu consisted of a large number of enclaves within the then Natal, South Africa.
KwaZulu lay to the south of Swaziland and Mozambique and east of Lesotho. In 1994, the total area of 36,074 km ². It consisted of ten non-contiguous areas. 1992 there lived about 5.7 million people.
- The area around the capital of Ulundi was located north and west of Richards Bay. In this area, the wildlife sanctuaries were Hluhluwe Game Reserve Hluhluwe and Umfolozi west of Game Reserve on the eponymous river, close to the Indian Ocean.
- A smaller area was in the north- east of Natal east of Newcastle. These included the townships Osizmeni and Madadeni.
- A relatively large area bordering on Swaziland and Mozambique. There, the city Ndumo and wildlife sanctuaries Mkuzi Game Reserve and Ndumu Game Reserve was. From this region, there was no border crossings to Swaziland and Mozambique.
- Another area lay to the west of Natal, near the border with Lesotho. It lay west of the city Estcourt; the biggest town was Wemlezi.
- The largest area was in the center of KwaZulu Natal. It ranged in the north to Emondlo near Vryheid, in the northeast to near Empangeni, in the south to KwaMashu in Durban and in the west to Ezakheni at Ladysmith. The rivers Tugela and Buffels flows through the area.
- In the Indian Ocean, south of Richards Bay, an area was the place Ezikhawini.
- Another area is the smallest area KwaZulu, was a little further south on the coast.
- West of Pietermaritzburg a field Edendale was the place that bordered on a smaller area of the Transkei.
- South of Durban and Umlazi was an area with the locations KwaMakuta and Mpumalanga. It had two entrances to the Indian Ocean, and so enclosed an area of the city Umzinto. The area bordered to the west by the same area of the Transkei.
- In the southern tip of Natal was at Margate was an area of the township Gamalakhe. The area had no access to the Indian Ocean, despite its proximity to the sea. It bordered on the main area of the Transkei.
KwaZulu was founded in 1970 as Zululand. Capital was then Nongoma. The area in 1972 took the name of KwaZulu. On February 1, 1977 KwaZulu was discharged into a conditional independence. A government, granted by South Africa KwaZulu independence refused. Capital was Ulundi. KwaZulu was governed throughout by Mangosuthu Buthelezi. First he led the official title of Chief Councillor ( " Supreme Council Lord" ), from 1972 Chief Minister ( " Supreme Minister "). Buthelezi 's Inkatha party founded in 1975 YaKwaZulu new. It was renamed in 1980 in Inkatha Freedom Party.
On April 27, 1994, KwaZulu like the other homelands officially re a part of South Africa and has been part of the province of KwaZulu -Natal. KwaZulu -Natal is the only province in South Africa, in whose name the name of Homelands is included.
Many South Africans Buthelezi is regarded as a collaborator because of his collaboration with the former South African apartheid government. Nevertheless, he and his Inkatha Freedom Party also play today an active role in South African politics (as of 2010 ).
From 6,500,000 3,800,000 1989 Zulu lived in the home country. In addition, there also lived Xhosa, Swazi, Basotho and others.
Many residents KwaZulu lived by agriculture. Been grown sugar cane, tea, bananas and millet. Likewise was the cattle of importance. In the central area of KwaZulu among other things, copper, and gold. Many residents worked outside the confines of the home country, for example in the region of Durban. The gross domestic product amounted to 1.435 billion KwaZulu edge 1986.
In 1982 the Redemption Song (No Kwazulu ) of the British Manfred Mann's Earth Band. It foresees the establishment of homelands in South Africa is criticized. The song is a cover of Redemption Song ( German: " Redemption Song " ) by Bob Marley and the Wailers.