Berger was the son of the doctor Jean Hamburger and his wife Annette Haas - Hamburger.
Berger became known in 1959 in the era of the French radio show Salut les Copains on Europe 1 Véronique Sanson He discovered and composed music for Françoise Hardy. Also an album for Johnny Hallyday came from his pen. In 1976 he married France Gall and wrote for them several albums. With her he had two children, Pauline Isabelle ( born November 14, 1978 in Neuilly -sur -Seine; † 15 December 1997) and Raphaël Michel (born 2 April 1981).
In 1978 he composed the rock opera Star Mania with lyrics by Luc Plamondon. This rock opera, in which participated, among others, France Gall, Daniel Balavoine and Diane Dufresne, enjoyed great success and has been listed again in the 1990s with a different composition. An English version called " Tycoon " was created in 1991.
A few weeks after he released an album of duets with his wife France Gall, Michel Berger died on August 2, 1992 44 -year-old during a tennis game from a heart attack. Berger is buried in the cemetery of Montmartre in Paris. Next to him, his daughter Pauline Hamburger was buried, who died of cystic fibrosis in December 1997 at the age of 19 years.