The word park (of mlat parricus " enclosure ."; Majority of farms in Germany and Austria, parks in Switzerland) designated by the rules of garden design crafted larger green spaces that serve the beautification and recreation.


Parks were initially mostly outside of cities, often referred to as Castle Park, Tiergarten, ( " Deer Park "), sometimes known as hunting garden, created large-scale landscape gardens. Examples of this are the so-called " French Park" in geometrically - regular style or the " English Landscape Park" in nature - similar irregular style.

Pueckler championed the idea that the park "must have character of nature and landscape " only. The is an idealized nature and seeking to unite the most beautiful replica capable scenic pictures on a limited space.

Well- calculated the park designers the tree distribution and color mix, but the intervention of human hands only on the paths and buildings were allowed to be visible. Flower ornaments on beds are excluded in the park; nevertheless are flowers adorn more than in the wild forests, thickets, meadows and water bodies, however, so that the artificial planting is not noticed.

The park is a large garden in natural style, but not all gardens of this style can be called a park or park gardens. A considerable size of the park was desirable, but not necessary. In the small park in the woods to the woods and groves, the lake to the pond (pond) was.

Since the mid-18th century and the growing urban residence and recreation areas were built, about people gardens, public parks and city parks (see People's Park ) and urban forests.

The function of forests and parks as " Green Lungs " is especially true in the vicinity of cities and metropolitan areas as particularly important. This refers primarily to the formation of oxygen, but in addition also to the effect as a dust filter through the leaves and needles.

In Germany you make a distinction depending on area parks with a certain status. Protected natural areas of at least 20,000 hectares with a low degree of protection and mainly tourist recreation area be designated as a nature park, with an area of at least 10,000 acres of medium to high level of protection they are considered national parks. In a figurative sense, the term is also used for large areas, such as landscape park and regional park.

Individual forms

See also: Garden

  • Mountain Park
  • Citizens Park
  • Amusement Park
  • Art Park
  • Kurpark
  • Landscape Park
  • National park
  • Nature Park
  • Pocket Park
  • Castle Park
  • Sports Park
  • Theme Park
  • Amusement park
  • People's Garden (People's Park, City Park, Garden City )
  • Game park
  • Zoo ( Zoo / animal park )