Passy is a commune in the French department of Haute- Savoie department in the Rhône-Alpes region.
Passy is located at 685 m above sea level. M., east of Sallanches, about 53 km southeast of the city of Geneva (air line). The village with views of Mont Blanc extends a scenic location on the northern slope of the wide valley basin of Sallanches, which is drained by the Arve, in the Savoy Alps, in the southeastern Faucigny.
The area of 80.03 km ² municipal area includes a portion of the upper Arvetals. The main settlement area of the basin of Sallanches, stocked by the Arve and its tributary streams with alluvial valley, which has a more than 2 km wide, flat valley floor serves. The northern and eastern part of this basin is one of Passy as well as the southeast adjacent wooded height of the Tête Noire (1741 m above sea level. M. ), an arm of the Mont- Blanc massif.
To the north, the municipality's area (M. 2690 m above sea level. ) And La Vouardaz extends beyond the sun-exposed slope from Passy with multiple terrain terraces, including the Plan d' Assy, except for the Kalkhochfläche the Désert de Platé with the adjacent peaks Tête du Colonney ( 2553 m above sea level. M. ). The limestone plateau is characterized by various karst features such as karst formations and caves.
A small corner of the municipality soil ranges to the east ( also known as the Massif de Sixt ) in the strong field in relief of skin - Giffre. This includes the vast Alp Anterne ( with the lake Lac d' Anterne in the catchment area of the Giffre ) and the alpine meadows in the upper part of the catchment area of the Diosaz to Passy. On the north-east, the area extends as far as the slope of the Buet, at the 2880 m above sea level. M. the highest elevation of Passy is achieved. A significant portion of the municipal area is part of the nature reserve Sixt -Passy.
At Passy next to the village itself includes numerous villages, settlements and farms, including:
- Les Ruttets (600 m above sea level. M. ) slightly increased at the northern edge of the Arvetals
- Les Outards (580 m above sea level. M. ) on the valley floor north of the Arve
- A part of Le Fayet ( 589 m above sea level. M. ) in the valley south of the Arve
- Les Plagnes (700 m above sea level. M. ) on the southern slope of the Arvetals
- Chedde (603 m above sea level. M. ), an industrial settlement in the eastern part of the valley basin of Sallanches
- La Motte (770 m above sea level. M. ) on the northern side of the valley
- Perrey ( 800 m above sea level. M. ) on the northern side of the valley
- Maffray (870 m above sea level. M. ) on the northern side of the valley
- Cran (980 m above sea level. M. ) on the northern side of the valley
- Bay ( 950 m above sea level. M. ) on a ridge above Passy
- Les Julliards (950 m above sea level. M. ) on a ridge below the Aiguille de Varan
- Assy (1000 m above sea level. M. ) on the northern side of the valley
- Praz Coutant ( 1170 m above sea level. M. ) on a hillside overlooking Chedde
Neighboring communities of Passy are Magland and Sixt -Fer -à- Cheval in the north, Vallorcine, Chamonix -Mont- Blanc, Les Houches and Servoz in the east, Saint- Gervais- les- Bains and Sallanches Domancy in the south and the west.
The municipal area of Passy was during the Bronze Age and Roman times inhabited since the Neolithic period and what was the basis of several finds, including the remains of a Roman road, occupied. Mentioned but the place is in the documents only in the early 15th century. Assy developed at the beginning of the 20th century into a climatic health resort with numerous sanitariums, while settled on the valley floor, more and more industries.
In the night of 15 to 16 April 1970, a mudslide destroyed the sanatorium Le Roc des Fiz. 72 people, including 56 children, were killed.
The village church of Passy dates from the 18th century. In Assy is the built in 1937-1945 Church of Notre- Dame-de- Toute Grâce. Of particular importance is the decoration of the church, to the numerous well-known artists, including Fernand Léger, André Lurçat, Jean Bazaine, Georges Rouault and Marc Chagall were involved. A chapel stands in the village of Bay.
With 11,506 inhabitants ( 1 January 2011) Passy is one of the major towns in the Haute-Savoie region. After the population stagnated in the mid- 20th century during a long time, has been since the early 1980s, again noted a significant increase in population due to the attractive residential area. The largest settlement of the municipality is Chedde.
Economy and infrastructure
Passy was to the 20th century, a predominantly shaped by the agriculture community. Today there are numerous companies in the community, whose size ranges from small businesses to large corporations. Chedde established itself as an industrial estate and was the site of a major explosives factory (production of Cheddit ). In the valley originated during the 20th century, several commercial and industrial zones. There, companies in the construction and transport industries as well as suppliers for the watch industry ( décolletage ) settled.
The village region has a very well developed. Le Fayet is the end point of the A40 motorway, which then performs as a four-lane main road N205 over the impressive Viaduc des Égratz to Chamonix. Further road links exist with Sallanches, Saint- Gervais- les- Bains and Servoz. Also in Le Fayet is the end point of the standard gauge railway line, which runs from La Roche- sur -Foron by the Arve Valley. The sequel to Chamonix and Vallorcine is done on a meter gauge. Furthermore, Le Fayet is the starting point of the gear train Tramway du Mont Blanc.