Sacramento Valley

The Sacramento Valley is the northern part of the California Longitudinal Valley. At its center lies the city Sacramento, the capital of the State of California and the economic center of the region. It comprises a total of ten counties.


Essentially responsible for coining the Sacramento Valley is the Sacramento River, which runs through the valley and to the west flows into the Pacific Ocean. Limited and shaped the valley of various mountain ranges ( the Northern Coast Ranges to the west, the southern Siskiyou Mountains to the north, and the northern Sierra Nevada to the east). In non- urbanized areas, many agricultural areas are located. Thus the cultivation of fruits, vegetables and even wine is operated. By the river system of the Sacramento River, a wide -scale irrigation in the region is guaranteed. The flat ground and the earth in this area allow for widespread agriculture and animal husbandry in the region. Citrus fruits, nuts, almonds and walnuts are of great importance in the valley in are also in substantial quantities exported to the United States and other countries overseas. The proceeds of these products thus represent a significant factor in California's economy dar. In the city of Corning are also olives for oil production and consumption in large quantities from the processed were grown in the region. The Sunsweet Growers Incorporated headquartered in Yuba City is also in the Sacramento Valley, which specializes in the production and processing of fruit. The valley has more than two-thirds of the global market of plums by the more than 400 manufacturers in the Sacramento Valley.

The grounds of the Sacramento Valley is next to fields and cultivated area of flat grasslands and populated areas on the outskirts of the cities also from so-called Suburbs ( American suburbs ). Due to its location on the river, there were in the Sacramento Valley larger forest areas before the arrival of European settlers in the 19th century. Most of it was cleared during the California Gold Rush and the subsequent wave of immigration. However, there are still larger forested areas in the region, mostly it is spat at and pine forests.

A distinctive feature of the Sacramento Valley, the Sutter Buttes, a small circular complex of eroded Lavahügeln, which rise above the plains of California's Sacramento Valley, about 44 miles north of Sacramento. They are considered the smallest mountain range in the world.


The climate in the Sacramento Valley is characterized by its location a few miles inland, but also by the flat landscape. As almost the entire state of California is also the valley of Sacramento subtropical climate zone assign. In the summer there is usually little precipitation, the average daily temperatures are usually about 30 degrees in the shade. Occasionally brings a breeze from the coast, which comes from the area of the bay of San Francisco, cooler temperatures and higher humidity in the valley. When prolonged, it is gusty with winds which can more than 50 km / h. Winds from the Pacific coast bring precipitation, but occurs more frequently in winter, where the daytime temperatures can fall to less than 15 degrees. In Sacramento, there are, on average, at intervals of ten years snowfall in the winter months.

Major cities in the Sacramento Valley

  • Sacramento
  • Marysville
  • Redding
  • Woodland
  • Davis
  • Chico
  • Yuba City
  • Roseville
  • Red Bluff
  • Galt
  • Lodi