Saul Chaplin

Saul Chaplin (birth name: Saul Elias Kaplan, born February 19, 1912 Brooklyn, New York City; † November 15, 1997 in Los Angeles, California ) was an American successful composer and lyricist, who three times the Oscar for Best Film Music and won a Grammy Award.


Successes as a composer and lyricist

After schooling Chaplin studied economics at the School of Commerce and started playing in an orchestra, in which Sammy Cahn worked as a violinist during this time as a pianist. After he was in 1936 a member of the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers ( ASCAP ), he already created some music for short films as I'm Much Obliged (1936). In 1937 he acquired with Cahn the rights to the song When I Have Schoen Shalom Secunda and Jacob Jacobs and made the well-known jazz composition after it has been rewritten fundamentally, and to a world hit by shots like for The Famous Carnegie Hall Concert 1938. Cahn Chaplin's song " Dedicated to You" was one of the tracks recorded on the 1963 jazz album John Coltrane and Johnny Hartman.

Known compositions also songs like "Rhythm Is Our Business ", "Shoe Shine Boy", "Rhythm In My Nursery Rhymes" belong " Please Be Kind ", "If It 's the Last Thing I Do ," " Joseph, Joseph " " Posin ' ," "Dedicated to You", " inspiration ", " Tell Me Why ", " You Wonderful You " and " Pipes of Pan". Its produced with Al Jolson single with the songs "Anniversary Song" and " Avalon " was the seventh most -selling single in the U.S. in 1947.

Success as a composer of film music

In 1941 he began working in the film industry in Hollywood on musical films such as Rookies on Parade, where he worked alongside Cahn also with Johnny Mercer and Don Raye. Throughout his career in Hollywood, he was involved as a music director in the production of almost 40 films. In addition, his compositions and songs appeared in some 140 films.

At the Academy Awards in 1952 he won along with Johnny Green his first Oscar for best music in the musical film An American in Paris ( 1951). In 1954 he was awarded with André Previn a nomination in this category for the music film Kiss Me Kate ( 1953).

In 1955 he won his second Oscar for best film music with Adolph German for the musical film Seven Brides for Seven Brothers (1954). Another nomination for that Oscar was performed at the Oscar ceremony in 1957, though with Johnny Green for the musical film High Society (1956).

His biggest success was Chaplin with the film music for the dance film West Side Story (1961 ): For this he was awarded with Johnny Green, Sid Ramin and Irwin Kostal both at the Oscar ceremony in 1962 his third Oscar for best film music as well as at the Grammy Awards 1962 a Grammy in the " Best soundtrack album or Recording of original Cast from Motion Picture or Television" and was also for a Golden Laurel in the category " Best Musical Score".

Chaplin, whose daughter Judy married the theater director and producer Harold Prince, was married from 1968 until his death with the screenwriter Betty Levin. In 1985 he was also honored by inclusion in the Songwriters Hall of Fame.

Filmography (selection)