Teddy Charles

Teddy Charles ( born April 13, 1928 in Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts, † April 16, 2012 in Riverhead, New York actually Theodore Charles Cohen ) was an American jazz musician (vibraphone ), composer and music producer.


Charles learned from his mother and studied piano from 1946 percussion at the Julliard School of Music. From 1948 to 1951 he worked in various big bands, the Benny Goodman, Chubby Jackson, Buddy DeFranco, Artie Shaw and ( Crosscurrents ). During his subsequent composition studies, he worked with Anita O'Day, Roy Eldridge, Hall Overton, Slim Gaillard and Oscar Pettiford in small ensembles.

He led his own quartet in 1953 and was next to Teo Macero and Charles Mingus for Jazz Composers ' Workshop, with whom he performed in 1955 and 1956 at the Newport Jazz Festival. In 1956 he expanded his lineup to Tentett and took with her arrangements by Gil Evans, George Russell, Jimmy Giuffre, Bob Brookmeyer and Mal Waldron on ( The Teddy Charles Tentet ). In 1957 he was he involved in the Gunther Schuller's performances at Brandeis University and in 1959 in the recording of Mingus Dynasty.

Until about 1963 he was still playing with his own groups, which often included Jimmy Raney, Addison Farmer and Mal Waldron or Harold Danko and was occasionally involved in recordings of Pepper Adams, Aretha Franklin and Eric Kloss. Subsequently, he worked primarily as a music producer, where he frequently drew on his own compositions.

Charles was one of the first Third Stream composer and was regarded as an innovator. He wrote, among other things, " Words from Bird ( In Memoriam - Charlie Parker "). In 1965 he founded the record label Polaris. In addition to conventional occupations (eg pairings of trumpet and saxophone, as with Booker Little Booker Ervin ), he combined three trumpets with the rhythm section or John Coltrane with three baritone saxophones (Dakar ). He also arranged for Dion DiMucci and Miles Davis, with whom he can be heard on the plate Bluemoods.

In the late 1960s, Charles returned to the music scene back and devoted himself in the Caribbean sailing. In the late 1980s he returned again as a musician on the stage back and also visited Europe. He appeared in recent years, where he lived in Riverhead on Long Iceland, also in a trio with Perry Robinson and Ed Schuller.

Disco Graphical Notes

Lexigraphic entries

  • Carlo Bohländer Reclams Jazz Guide
  • Ian Carr et al, Jazz Rough Guide. Stuttgart 1999, ISBN 3-476-01584- X.