Tegernsee (lake)

The Tegernsee is located approximately 50 km south of Munich in the Bavarian Alps and is a scenic and tourist destination. He is one of the cleanest lakes in Bavaria as early as the 1960s, a continuous ring drains to the lake ( the first of its kind in the world ) was created and long construction projects were linked to the capacity of the WWTP ( population equivalent ). In 2000, nearly 6,000 more population equivalents were created through investments of about DM 20 million in renovation and improvement of wastewater engineering.

  • 3.1 fisheries
  • 3.2 Leisure and Tourism


The name of the lake is first transmitted in the form Tegarinseo from the year 796. His interpretation is uncertain. A Celtic root word meaning lord or prince comes into question, but also the resolution adopted at the neighboring place names such as Tegernbach or Tegerndorf origin of clay crucible. A historical source of the 19th century has the name back to the people of the Tigurini.



The lake is part of the urban area of Tegernsee. The other four municipalities of the Tegernsee valley have a share on the lakeshore: Gmund am Tegernsee, Rottach -Egern, Kreuth and Bad Wiessee. The lake is owned by the Free State of Bavaria, for the management of which is the Bavarian Administration State-owned Palaces, Gardens and Lakes in charge. Unlike many other lakes of Upper Bavaria the shores of the lake are almost entirely publicly. Often these are covered extensively with reeds. The Tegernsee has two large bays, and an island in the south. The Mangfall forms in Gmund am Tegernsee the outflow of Lake Tegernsee.

Of special significance is the Tegernsee for ensuring drinking water supply for the City of Munich and as a flood retention basin for the lower Mangfalltal. Already more than a hundred years, a damming of the lake was discussed.


During the past, referred to as the Würm Ice Age Ice Age, presented the Tegernsee tongue of the Inn glacier with a maximum about 20,000 years ago to the far north in the plane of projection. Through its erosive forces of the glaciers created a tongue basin, which later filled with water. Clearly the elongated shape of the Tegernsee let this glazialmorphologische formation. The flat plain to the south shore was filled by sediments of Rottach and Weißach, riparian areas on the sides in Tegernsee and Bad Wiessee are heaps of rubble.

Inlet and outlet

The most important inflow of Lake Tegernsee is the Weißach, which opens into the Ringsee in the southwest of the lake. The Weißach drains the Kreuther valley. The southeastern end of the valley of the Tegernsee valley is drained by the Rottach, the second largest tributary of Lake Tegernsee. Other major tributaries are the Alpbach in the east and the Söllbach, the Breitenbach and Zeiselbach in the west of the lake. All the major tributaries of Lake Tegernsee are straightened and corrected for flood protection. Flood embankments characterize the last kilometer of the larger tributaries.

In addition to these inflows opens a multitude of smaller streams directly into the Tegernsee. These include, for example, the Quirinbach and Gram Bach at St. Quirin and Weidenbach in the northwest of the lake. In addition, which is passed through the mill stream, a channel of the Weißach diverted water directly into the Ringsee.

The only outflow of Lake Tegernsee is the Mangfall passes through the water of Lake Tegernsee near Rosenheim in the Inn.


Are located on the south side of the lake two bays, namely the Ringsee in the southwest and the Egerner Bay, formerly called Upper Lake, in the southeast. The rest of the Tegernsee lake, including the Finnerbucht in the West, was named to the 19th century Weitsee.

Egerner Bay ( Cheb lake, painters angle)

The approximately 40 -acre, tied-off by the Point peninsula to a width of about 170 meters in the southeast part of the lake where the Rottach flows, ie Egerner bay. This angle was therefore called painters angle, because once very often the painter sat on the shore and have painted the little church of Rottach.


In the southwestern area of Lake Tegernsee, near the hamlet of Ringsee the community Kreuth, is the same bay. The name Ringsee comes from " low" and makes the contrast with the "big" Tegernsee significantly. The bay with a size of about 300 by 600 m ( 14.2 ha) is located directly in the mouth region of the Weißach.


Another name designated 200 meters deep indentation is the Finnerbucht on the northern outskirts of Bad Wiessee, near the small hamlet of Winner ( Winnerhof, with the casino ), but named after the immediately south of it Finnerhof. It occupies an area of ​​about 3 hectares. The Finnerbucht among the most protected by the Tegernseeschutzverordnung sea areas.


The Ringsee upstream is the small Ringseeinsel. It belongs to the city, as is Lake Tegernsee.

Economic Importance


The significant Commercial fishing stock of whitefish is also decreased as the stock of Arctic charr. Sport fishermen find pike, rainbow trout, tench and carp, and walleye.

Leisure and Tourism

The most important economic factor of the valley are tourism and health services. Here, besides the Recreational tourism especially in the congress and seminar tourism play an increasingly important role. A wide variety of hotels is home to large and small conferences and workshops for national and international companies. In particular, residents in the greater Munich Companies use these services.

The clinics in the valley specializing mainly on rehabilitation and related fields of medicine, acute care hospitals no longer exists, the new district hospital was opened in Agatharied since 1998.

Furthermore, the construction and the most traditional crafts play an important role.


During the "Third Reich" had several Nazi variables such as Heinrich Himmler or Max Amann estate on the Tegernsee, so that the concept of Lago di Bonzo established (based on fat cat ). As home to many influential and wealthy citizens around the lake until now, this concept has received in the local parlance.

Well-known residents of the Tegernsee valley are or were, inter alia, Otto Beisheim († 2013) ( majority shareholder Metro Group ), Thomas Enders (CEO Airbus), Uli Hoeness (Bayern Munich ), Thomas Stone (formerly BMG Music), Antje- Katrin Kühnemann ( former television doctor, including Bayerischer Rundfunk ), Alexander Schalk - Golodkowski (DDR- Secretary of State ), Wolfram Weimer (former Focus editor in Chief ) and Willy Bogner junior (former skier and fashion entrepreneur ).

In the Tegernsee valley, the story takes Brandner Kaspar von Franz von Hess Peter, which was most recently as The Story of Brandner Kaspar with Franz Xaver Kroetz filmed in 2008 as Brandner Kaspar and Michael Bully Herbig.


Typical reed - shore at Bad Wiessee

Drain at Mangfall web

Wallenberg above the Tegernsee

View over the lake from Bad Wiessee

Historical Map (1862 )