Tennant Creek is a right on the Stuart Highway situated place in Australia's Northern Territory. It was founded in 1860 and is one of more than 3,000 inhabitants. Tennant Creek is located about 1,000 km south of the state capital of Darwin and about 500 km north of Alice Springs. Your name from the name of a located nearby watercourse of the same name.
1860 named John McDouall Stuart precisely those water running out of gratitude after John Tennant, a South Australian ranchers. Tennant had co-financed Stuarts Australia expedition. 1872, a makeshift telegraph station was built. Two years later, when the Tennant Creek Overland Telegraph Station was finished, the telegraph traffic was moved. It was not until around 1930, broke out as a short but intense gold rush, the place became famous. From that time the nickname Heart of Gold comes ( German: Gold heart). Even today, here copper and gold are encouraged. During the Second World War there was near Tennant Creek a hospital and the airport was used as Notflughafen.
In February 2009, Tennant Creek reached worldwide media attention, as developed a family dispute into a street battle with more than 100 participants. According to reports the police swung the counterparty axes and knives and went with batons and boomerangs at one another. A 63- year-old woman suffered serious injuries and was flown to a hospital in Alice Springs.
Tennant Creek has a hot desert climate ( Köppen climate classification and Geiger: BWh ). Nevertheless fall in long-term average 468.4 mm of rain per year and it can be clearly distinguished between dry and rainy season. The latter extends from December to March; in this period falls the largest percentage of annual precipitation and the temperatures reach their maximum values . The drier months are characterized by lower temperatures, lots of sun ( an average of 9.8 hours of sunshine per day) and mild nights out. The predominant wind direction is east to southeast.
The highest temperature ever recorded was 45.4 ° C and was recorded on 2 December 2007; the lowest with 4.5 ° C on 14 July 1978.
The city distinguishes itself increasingly as a tourist destination. They not only focuses on the search for gold, but also to the way of life of Aboriginal people. In the area around Tennant Creek Kaytetye the Aborigines who hold a native title for land and water in the south and south-east of Tennant Creek live.
The gold mining veteran Colonel Bremner leads visitors to his old mine Dot Mine. In the evening he tells the visitors around the campfire from the ancient times.
An old gold processing plant, Gold Stamp Battery, has been restored and decorated and now serves as a tourist attraction. For guides the system is turned on. Near the lookout located in the Nobles Nob mines, which was the largest Australian gold mine until its closure in 1985.
53 km north-west of Tennant Creek, abandoned gold mine area Moonlight Skirt Hole Fossicking Area is located in the mining town of Warrego. Here everyone can dig gold and looking for nuggets, unless he has a Miners Right.
National Trust Museum
The Folk Museum displays a colorful mixture of exhibition objects from the area. It is housed in a former auxiliary hospital, which was built in 1942 by the army.
Overland Telegraph Station
The former telegraph station in 1872, is now a museum and one of the most famous attractions Tennant Creek. It is located on the cable route with the help of Australia was once connected to the world.
Devil 's Marbles
Devil's Marbles - the Devil's Marbles - called the strange rock formations located about 110 km south of Tennant Creek on the Stuart Highway, which consist of thousands of weathered and a rounded, high 3-5 meters granite rocks. The Kaytetye - Aboriginal people, which they call Karlu Karlu, keeping them for the eggs they worship Rainbow Serpent Dreamtime. The place is an important spiritual place for the Kaytetye. The rounded rocks were eroded over thousands of years of wind, sand, rain and temperature differences and thus brought into its present form.