Tierra del Fuego Province, Argentina
- Total - Percentage of Argentina
21,591 km ² 0.77
- Total 2001 - Density
101 079 inhabitants 4.7 inhabitants / km ²
Tierra del Fuego ( officially: Provincia de Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur, German: Fuego Province, Antarctica and South Atlantic Islands) is the southernmost province of Argentina and occupies the eastern half of belonging to Tierra del Fuego islands Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego and Isla de los Estados at the southern tip of South America. From Argentina stressed areas such as some islands of the South Atlantic (Malvinas ( Falkland Islands), South Georgia, South Sandwich Islands and the South Orkney Islands ) and the Argentine Antarctic Territory appear on Argentine maps as belonging to the province. The province has an area of 21,591 km ² (excluding Antarctica and South Atlantic Islands).
The terrain in the north of the province is flat and steppe way through the southern third on the other hand to pull the last foothills of the Andes from west to east, and in the valleys one finds subpolar rainforest. The climate is cold and relatively moist maritime particularly in the south, while in the north it is dry.
Its population is about 100,000 (2001, Source: INDEC ), but it rises very quickly. The capital city is Ushuaia ( 38,000 inhabitants), located in the south of the island on the Beagle Channel, however, the largest city located on the Atlantic the Rio Grande ( 60,000 inhabitants). Few people live outside of these two cities. The natives of the Ona and Yámanas are now extinct, the population consists mostly of immigrants from the northern provinces of the country.
For the early history see Tierra del Fuego.
The Argentine presence began in the first half of the 19th century, while trying to secure the Argentine territory militarily and to integrate the indigenous people in the state. But it was only after 1880, there was a permanent settlement as a penal colony was established in Ushuaia and the Rio Grande located on the Atlantic began to crystallize as a trading center. By 1972, both places remained insignificant, small villages, when the government declared the area at that time as a national territory directly administered to the Special Economic Zone. This had the consequence that the population increased six-fold between 1970 and 2000. In 1991, the area for independent province was charged.
The province is divided into four departments, but are currently controlled by those only two of Argentina. The Departamento del Atlántico Sur Islas belongs to the part of the British overseas territories of the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, some of the islands fall under the Antarctic Treaty, as well as the entire department Antártida Argentina, the Argentine Antarctic Territory.
1) The South Orkney Islands are reckoned administratively to the Departamento del Atlántico Sur Islas. As the only part of this otherwise actually under British administration area that falls under the Antarctic Treaty, it is counted in statistical terms to the Departamento Antártida Argentina.
The economy of the province is based mainly on sheep farming and, since 1972, the electronics and media industry, who settled here after the province was declared a special economic zone. Also significant is tourism, especially in the region around Ushuaia near the Beagle Channel. The National Park of Tierra del Fuego protects this part of the coastal region, which is covered by subpolar rainforest.
The province of Tierra del Fuego has partnerships with:
- Amazonas, Brazil, partnership since July 12, 2005
- Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine, cooperation agreements since 1997
- Quebec, Canada cooperation agreement since May 16, 2000