Ushuaia [ uswaʝa ] is the southernmost city in Argentina and is located at the Beagle Channel. The word " Ushuaia " comes from the language of the indigenous people Yámana and means " bay that faces east ."

Ushuaia competes with the part of Chile Puerto Williams on Navarino Island for the title to be southernmost city in the world. The town of Puerto Williams is indeed south, but is under Chilean law, no city ( ciudad ), but a village ( pueblo ). Ushuaia is located at 54 ° 48 ' south latitude farther away from the South Pole than about Moscow with 55 ° 44 ' north latitude from the North Pole.

  • 4.1 Tourism
  • 4.2 traffic


The city is located on the south side of the Great Land of Fire Island ( Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego ) on the Beagle Channel. Ushuaia is the capital of the Argentine province of Tierra del Fuego ( German: " Land of Fire ").


Often a deep lies south of the southern tip of South America. This has deep western for fire Landwind result, which is, however, strongly deflected and weakened in the lower atmosphere through the mountains. The climate is maritime balanced and relatively cold and humid throughout the year. But the weather can be very unstable during the day. In winter, the temperatures are -6 to 8 ° C, while in summer 5-20 ° C. The extreme values ​​are at 29.5 ° C in January and 21.0 ° C in July.


English missionaries penetrated from about the year 1870 before in the area. 1884 conquered the naval forces for Ushuaia Argentina. For urban development important was the construction begun 1902 of the Presidio. This 1920, the prison replaced that on the Isla de los Estados. The convicts, mostly violent criminals, but political prisoners built the narrow gauge railway Ferrocarril Austral Fueguino, with today's tourists through the National Park Tierra del Fuego drive. The prison was closed in 1947. The building today is a combination of several museums housed. On the one hand there is the Museo Presidio on the history of the prison. Secondly, there is a museum of navigation in the region and one of the history of Antarctic expeditions, many of which started from Ushuaia. Among the most famous prisoners of the Presidio was one of the writers Ricardo Rojas. It was assumed that Carlos Gardel was detained in the prison of Ushuaia, when he was a teenager. The fact that Carlos Gardel was for two months in Ushuaia, is a diary; he was not imprisoned in the Presidio.


At the 2001 census Ushuaia had 46,000 inhabitants. The population grew particularly because of the tax benefits of their residents temporarily heavily and was reported to the Municipality of Ushuaia in 2005 at about 64,000 inhabitants. The most recent census on 27 October 2010 was 56 825 inhabitants.



The proximity to the Tierra del Fuego National Park and the unique nature of the environment helped Ushuaia at a significant tourist traffic. Also as a starting point for Antarctic expeditions and stopover for cruise ships Ushuaia is popular. Since almost all goods have to be brought over long distances in the city, Ushuaia is also considered one of the most expensive cities in Argentina and throughout South America.

An interesting tourist destination is the Museo del Fin del Mundo ( " Museum of the End of the World "), which in the former headquarters of the Argentine Central Bank ( Banco Central de la República Argentina ) was established in 1979. It pays special attention to the preservation of the natural environment and historic features of Tierra del Fuego.

From Martial Glacier near Ushuaia, you have a wonderful view of the city, on the Chilean mountains over the Beagle Channel and the Faro del Fin del Mundo ( lighthouse).

Ushuaia shows in their old architecture a connection to their history. Many European expeditions have come to the study of climate, geography, animal and plant life and the Indian tribes in this area. The modern city development, however, lacks any planning and order miss and provides a proliferation of architecture.

A unique feature is the collection of webcam photos of the place, because it is not about a stationary webcam. 30 photos are posted online daily, which were made by hand with good quality of surrounding areas. The photos are archived to 2004, can be rated and commented on.


Ushuaia has an international airport, Aeropuerto Internacional de Ushuaia Malvinas Argentinas ( IATA: USH). Cruise ships that are on the way to Antarctica, Laying here before driving to the south. The road Ruta Nacional 3 (part of the Pan-American Highway ) ends here.

In Ushuaia is the management of the railway Ferrocarril Austral Fueguino, eight kilometers west of the city ends.


Ushuaia is twinned with:

  • Brazil Santos, Brazil, since September 22, 1994
  • Chile Punta Arenas, Chile, since June 21, 1995
  • Israel Eilat, Israel, since 1995
  • United States Barrow, Alaska, USA