Provinces of Argentina
Argentina 's 23 provinces ( provincias, singular provincia) and one autonomous city ( Ciudad Autónoma ) can be subdivided.
The provinces are the member states of the Argentine state. They have their own provincial constitution respectively. In committees are responsible for all state functions that are not explicitly assigned by the Argentine Constitution the central government.
The provinces each have a government headed by a directly elected governor ( gobernador ) and a parliament.
The provinces are subdivided into administrative departments. An exception is the province of Buenos Aires, whose subdivisions are called partidos. The departments are in some provinces even further into municipios (municipalities) divided, while the area of the Partidos of Buenos Aires province and the Departments with the corresponding municipios is identical in Mendoza, San Juan and La Rioja.
The majority of the provinces of Argentina was created in the years 1810-1834 made up of areas of the former Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. A central government for the United Provinces of Río de la Plata ( Provincias Unidas del Río de la Plata) could not initially establish on a permanent basis, so that the individual provinces in 1820 were virtually independent states. Only the external representation remained mostly in the hands of the province of Buenos Aires.
The Argentine State involved at its inception in 1853, first 13 provinces of the interior: Catamarca, Córdoba, Corrientes, Entre Ríos, Jujuy, La Rioja, Mendoza, Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero and Tucumán. 1859 ( final 1862) was also the province of Buenos Aires part of the state.
The city of Buenos Aires, which until then had been part of Buenos Aires province and its capital, was isolated in 1880 as the Federal District (Distrito Federal) and Federal capital of the homonymous province.
Newly divided into the argentintischen territories on the border with Paraguay in the Northeast and in the Gran Chaco, on the border with Bolivia and Chile in the northwest, in the southern Pampa, Patagonia, and Tierra del Fuego were first ( internacionales Territories ) as a national territories directly to the federal government. From a part of the National Territories 9 new provinces were formed in the course of time, while other areas already existing provinces were incorporated. So the new provinces of Misiones emerged in the northeast, Chaco and Formosa, in the Gran Chaco, La Pampa in the southern Pampa, Neuquén, Río Negro, Chubut and Santa Cruz in Patagonia and the last in 1991 the Tierra del Fuego ( Land of Fire ). The Buenos Aires province was enlarged to the south. The Territorio Nacional de los Andes, founded in 1899 in the North West in 1943 was divided between the provinces of Salta, Jujuy and Catamarca. In Patagonia there were 1944-1955 the Zona Militar de Comodoro Rivadavia, which included the southern part of the present province of Chubut and the north of present-day Santa Cruz and was mainly established with the aim to protect the oil deposits in the Second World War.
In the 1950s, two provinces contributed briefly names of important Argentine personalities: the province of La Pampa referred to 1952-1956 as Provincia Eva Perón, the province of Chaco wore 1951-1955 the name Provincia Presidente Perón.
Until 1994, the city of Buenos Aires was a direct central government subordinate federal district. Since the constitutional reform in the same year Buenos Aires is regarded as equivalent to an autonomous city the provinces.
Province coat of arms and Province Flags
All Argentine provinces have a provincial coat of arms and a provincial flag. Descriptions of the province flags and coat of arms are in the Articles of Argentina flag and coat of arms of Argentina.
- The flags of the provinces of Argentina
Buenos Aires Province
Province of Rio Negro
Santiago del Estero
Tierra del Fuego
- Argentine province
- List ( administrative units )