Jujuy Province

( Details)

( Details)

- Total - Percentage of Argentina

53,219 km ² 1.92

- Total 2001 - Density

611 888 inhabitants 11.5 inhabitants / km ²

The Jujuy Province is located in the extreme northwest of Argentina. It is bordered on the west by Chile, Bolivia to the north and in the south and east by the province of Salta.


In the north- west of the province, the Andes and between the two main ridges, the high desert Puna 're at 3500-4000 meters above sea level. To the east of the region of the high valleys lies with the two notches of the Quebrada de Humahuaca and the Valle Grande. To the southeast is the crisscrossed with low mountain ranges humid cloud forest region, which, however, is dominated almost entirely by cultural landscape.


The majority of the population is concentrated in the southeastern lowlands, where the capital city of San Salvador de Jujuy, Libertador General San Martín, Perico ( Jujuy ) and San Pedro de Jujuy are the main towns of the province. An average population density is found in the Quebrada de Humahuaca, while the Puna is sparsely populated. About 65 percent of the population are mestizos or descendants of various indigenous groups, the Kollas from the Puna are numerically the largest, followed by the Chiriguanos of the lowlands.


The Jujuy province was probably inhabited by indigenous Omaguaca time already in pre-Christian. These were incorporated in 1200 in the Inca Empire. The Omaguacas were sedentary and agricultural. Technologically, they were similar to the other tribes of the region ( Diaguitas, Calchaquies, Quilmes ), the most advanced in the country. They settled mainly in the Quebrada de Humahuaca named after them.

The Spanish conquered the territory from 1550-1580 from today Perú and founded their cities partly in old Indian places. Until well after the independence of Argentina, the area of the Puna national territory was only in the 20th century, it was incorporated into the province of Jujuy with.

Administrative divisions

The Jujuy province is divided into 16 departments.


Agriculture and agribusiness are the main economic activity in the fertile south-east. Here tobacco, sugar cane and fruits are grown and processed. Another important sector is the promotion of petroleum and electricity generation in two reservoirs. In the capital, one finds textile and steel industries. The region of the Puna and mountain valleys was once dominated by mining, but today there is this industry is in a deep crisis. Many mines were closed, so that there is high unemployment in the region. Therefore, the region hopes perspectives on trade with Bolivia and Chile as part of the " Corredor Bioceánico " ( corridor from the Pacific to the Atlantic ). The lying in Jujuy Jama Pass to San Pedro de Atacama (Chile ) is the only year-round navigable Andean passport of the country. In addition, the Puna were recently declared a special economic zone. The first industries settle already there on.


The Jujuy province, with a share of 15 percent, the second largest producer in the country beans. In 2004, 23,000 tons of beans (white beans - Alubia - about 70 percent, Black Beans about 30 percent) harvested. The harvest is within the province in five factories, cleaned, classified and packed. 90 percent of the harvest is exported. Due to the changing conditions in the air and on the world market cultivation, yields can vary significantly. The 2004 harvest meant, for example, a decline of 30 percent compared to the previous year.


In the province of mixed forms of Indian predominate with Spanish culture, which is reflected in all areas of art, but especially in music ( see Folklore ) and the closely related religion reflects. The Pachamama cult, a blend of Mary and Mother Earth worship is still widespread in the country. The formerly traditional carnival has become particularly in the strongholds of Humahuaca, Tilcara to a professional tourist spectacle. Jujuy is also together with Salta and Santiago del Estero is the only province in which isolated nor the Indian languages ​​Quechua and Aymara is spoken, and this is lost more and more due to lack of bilingual education in the schools and the widespread discrimination against the Indian culture.

Pucara de Tilcara

Ruta Nacional 9 ( Jujuy -Salta )

San Salvador de Jujuy