Santa Fe Province

( Details)

( Details)

- Total - Percentage of Argentina

133,007 km ² 4.8

- Total 2001 - Density

3,000,701 inhabitants 22.5 inhabitants / km ²

Santa Fe is an Argentine province in the eastern center of the country. Neighbouring provinces are from north clockwise Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Ríos, Buenos Aires, Córdoba, and Santiago del Estero. The province is part of the Región Centro.

Sante Fe is one of the most populous provinces of the country. Capital is the city of Santa Fe with 380,000 inhabitants ( 480,000 in the metropolitan area). The largest city in the province is located in the south of Rosario ( 908,000 inhabitants, 1.2 million in the metropolitan area).


The rich south of the province is fertile and belongs to the humid Pampa, with a variety of land and livestock. The north of the province, however, belongs to the subtropical Chaco plains and is sparsely populated. Larger surveys do not exist in the province.

The climate is temperate to subtropical, with warm summers ( 23-27 ° C) and mild winters ( 9-15 ° C). The annual rainfall is between 800 mm and 1200 mm in the southwest to the northeast, while the summer is significantly wetter than the winter.


The Santa Fe province was inhabited in the wave of immigration between 1880 and 1920 to Buenos Aires the second most by European immigrants, many of them in the two major cities of Rosario and Santa Fe. In provincial interior, however, also made many so-called colonias, colonies of agricultural settlers, who often were ethnically homogeneous, ie they were inhabited by residents of the same country, especially by Italians, Swiss and Germans. Many of these colonies were later to cities.

The Mestizenanteil in Santa Fe is similar to that in the province of Buenos Aires is relatively low as a result of immigration. However, it rises today by internal migration, especially in Rosario and Santa Fe. In the north of the province, there are a small number of indigenous people ( Toba ). The former Formula 1 racing driver Carlos Reutemann was a long time governor and senator of the province.

The literacy rate of the province is 3.7 %, which is on an average level for Argentina.

Larger cities

  • Rosario, port and industrial city and cultural center of the Province, the third largest city of Argentina ( 1.250.000 inhabitants)
  • Santa Fe, the provincial capital, especially administrative center, but also industry ( 500,000 inhabitants)
  • Reconquista, the largest city in the north of the province ( 90,000 inhabitants)
  • Rafaela, former agricultural colony ( 75,000 inhabitants)
  • Venado Tuerto, largest city in the southwest of the province ( 70,000 inhabitants)


Economic center is the major export port Rosario, who in addition also the industry of the province (particularly the automotive and heavy industry ) clenches, next there is the most important grain market of Argentina, whose prices are nationwide as a reference. Another important port is the capital, Santa Fe, during the Reconquista, in the north has lost as a port city in importance as an industrial and agricultural center, however, is still significant.

Agriculture is practiced throughout the province, these are mainly in the southern grain growing and cattle breeding, while cotton and tobacco are grown in the north. Also in the north is the forest of importance.

In the 1980s and 1990s, the Río Paraná between Santa Fe and Rosario was extended to so-called Hidrovía so that it is navigable for ships for sea transport on this route. From Rosario he is navigable for larger ships.


Heavy traffic highways in the province are for the most part highway-like developed Ruta Nacional 9 ( from southeast to west, connecting with Córdoba, San Miguel de Tucumán and San Salvador de Jujuy ) and in Rosario branching off from this Ruta Nacional 34 ( by Profesor Salvador Mazza, Salta ) and Ruta Nacional 11 (target Clorinda, Formosa ). Parallel to the Ruta 11, the A029 motorway connects the two largest cities of Rosario and Santa Fe. The Ruta Nacional 19 connects Santa Fe directly with Córdoba and is part of a planned fast connection that will connect on its completion through Argentine territory of Chile with Brazil.

Administrative divisions

The Santa Fe province is divided into 19 departments.


The native tribes that had inhabited this region, the Toba, the Timúes, Mocoviés, Pilagás, Guaycurues and Guaraní. They were nomadic and lived by hunting, fishing and gathering fruit.

The first European settlement was established in 1527 at the confluence of the Paraná and the Carcarana as Sebastien Gaboto on his way north a fort named Sancti Spiritus, founded, which was destroyed two years later by the natives.

1573 was by Juan de Garay founded the city of Santa Fe in the vicinity of the present town Cayastá, but the city was in 1651, and in 1660 moved to its present location.

Created in 1812 and submitted to the Attorney General Manuel Belgrano and the first time the Argentine flag on the shores of the Paraná in Rosario.

During 1815, the central government had to defend themselves against the insurgency Ignacio Alvarez Thomas, took over Francisco Candioti, head of the local military, peaceful, the government and launched the era of Santa Fe as an autonomous province. This period was short- lived, as Candioti died in the same year, and the central government established the dependent government.