Rosario (Santa Fe)

Rosario is with 948 312 inhabitants (2010, INDEC ) for Buenos Aires and Córdoba, the third largest city of Argentina, and an important industrial center. The city is located 300 km northwest of Buenos Aires, on the western shore of the Paraná. Rosario is the capital of the department of the same name and is located in the heart of the most important industrial corridor in Argentina. Its suburbs and neighboring cities form a metropolitan area with 1,121,441 inhabitants.

The city is an important railway junction and the shipping center for northeastern Argentina. Ocean Liner reach the city via the Paraná, which allows the existence of a ten -meter-deep harbor. A bridge that crosses the Paraná, was opened in 2003 to connect Rosario with Victoria on the delta of the Paraná.

  • 7.1 port
  • 7.2 Rail transport
  • 7.3 transport
  • 7.4 Air Traffic
  • 7.5 Road traffic


The city lies on the Paraná River in the southern province of Santa Fe. Several suburbs stretch along the river, so that the built-up area between Alvear and San Lorenzo is about 50 kilometers long. Despite its size, the city is only Departamento Capital, the provincial capital is located 170 km north of Rosario, Santa Fe.


The permanent settlement in the area of ​​today's Rosario began in the 17th century. The first landowner was Luis Romero de Pineda and the first official colonial settlement was initiated by Santiago de Montenegro, the 1751 was appointed mayor of the settlement. A concrete foundation date does not exist, the city developed slowly in the 18th century from a small settlement around a chapel of the Virgin of Rosario, where the city also has the name ( rosario span for rosary ). 1811 Militärbatallion was established in the north of the present city, where a year later, General Manuel Belgrano for the first time the flag of Argentina hoisted. At this act today remembers a monumental memorial in the center.

In contrast, the city began to grow in the second half of the 19th century, especially from 1880, when Europeans immigration to Argentina was facilitated, resulting in an influx of hundreds of thousands to Rosario result. At the end of the 19th century Rosario had large, eight -storey granary, three foundries, five saw mills, five steam corn mills, four tanneries, three breweries, five printers, a brick factory and a factory electric clamps and jam. There were five clubs, including a German one. In 1887, the population amounted to 50 914 inhabitants.


Rosario is the only major city in Argentina, in which socialism in local politics plays a significant role. Since 1989, the city of mayors of the Partido Socialista Popular, and the successor party Partido Socialista is governed. After Héctor Cavallero (1989-1995), Hermes Binner (1995-2003) and Miguel Lifschitz (2003-2011) includes the current Mayor Mónica fine to the Socialist Party. Since Hermes Binners election as governor in 2007, the provincial government of Santa Fe led by the Socialists in an alliance with the Unión Cívica Radical.


Rosario is primarily an industrial and commercial center. Its port, navigable for ocean-going vessels, is the second largest in the country, are from here mainly products from northern Argentina and Bolivia shipped. Another important factor in the economy is the automotive industry. Thus we find, for example, the Argentine General Motors plant in suburban Alvear. The American agricultural machinery and engine producer John Deere is mentioned, which operates a manufacturing facility in the northern suburb Granadero Baigorria.


Rosario is an important educational center at a national and international level. Rosario is since 1968 the seat of the Universidad Nacional de Rosario and a Regional Faculty of the Universidad Tecnológica Nacional ( UTN ), which are both state and free of charge. Next, the private institutions Universidad Católica Argentina (UCA ), which has established the first law school of the city, among other things, the Universidad Austral, Universidad del Centro Educativo Latinamericano ( UCEL ) and the Universidad Abierta Interamericana ( UAI ) are located in the city.

Approximately one third of the city population was a government survey in 2008 according illiterate.

Culture and Church

Rosario has fought for his reputation as a cultural center, especially in music. The city is adjacent to Buenos Aires and Montevideo, one of the cradles of the tango, which developed in the late 19th century in the Milieu of immigrants. In the 1970s, evolved from several styles of folk and rock music an independent genre that is known as trova Rosarina and was successfully across the country.

In October 2008, work began on the construction of an approximately 3 -acre complex of buildings on the banks of the Paraná River, which is executed according to the plans of the Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer. It includes, among other things, a concert hall for 2,500 and an open- air stadium for 25,000 spectators.

In addition, Rosario is the city with the highest density of theater land, the film production is, if it is not comparable with the in Buenos Aires, but not to be underestimated ( for example, the box office hit " El Asadito ").

Rosario is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Rosario with the Nuestra Señora del Rosario Cathedral; Archbishop since 2005 José Luis Mollaghan.


Rosario is the home of two of the most important football clubs in Argentina: Rosario Central ( founded 1889 ) and Newell 's Old Boys (1903 ). Newell 's Old Boys is the home club of the world star Lionel Messi ( FC Barcelona today ), who has been elected four times World Player of the Year. Messi is from Rosario.



The ocean-going port Rosario is located in the southeast of the city on the Río Paraná. He was once the economic engine of the city and is one of the most important ports in Argentina. It will be shipped in particular agricultural as well as industrial products from the Northern Region of Argentina. However, the port of Rosario suffers from silting and must be ausgekiest periodically.

Rail transport

Rosario was once one of the centers of the Argentine railways and had several major train stations. Since 1990, passenger traffic has almost come to a standstill because of the privatization of the railways, trains, there is only to Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Santa Fe and San Miguel de Tucumán, where the number of compounds are very low. The rail network is, however, currently partly renewed, so that new and faster connections are possible. The former main train station Rosario Central has been now converted into a park.

It is planned to connect to a high-speed train, the three largest cities in Argentina Buenos Aires, Rosario and Córdoba. However, the construction of the Cobra project delayed for years over and over again.


Public transport is now handled exclusively by buses and trolley buses, some of which take part in the urban area, the surrounding region.


The Rosario Airport is located close to the district Fisherton about ten kilometers west of the center. It mainly offers innerargentinische connections, as well as links to Uruguay, Brazil, Peru and Chile. The majority of long-haul traffic, however, mastered by intercity buses, the bus station is located three kilometers from the center.


Around the downtown area of Rosario pulls an urban motorway, the Avenida circunvalación. Rosario is connected by highways with Santa Fe and Buenos Aires, is also located in building a motorway to Cordoba. Other national roads go star-shaped from the city after Tucumán, Mendoza, Río Cuarto and Santa Rosa de Toay.

A bridge between Rosario and Victoria ( province of Entre Ríos ) over the Río Paraná was built from 1998 to 2002. In April 2002, she was completed to 95 percent. The Argentine economic crisis delayed the project so that it could be opened to traffic until 22 May 2003. It forms an important element in innerargentinischen trade and is one of only four roads over (or under ) the Río Paraná (the others are in Zárate, Santa Fe and Corrientes ). In addition, the bridge is a major hub for the Mercosur countries, because it connects the southeastern part of Brazil with the rest of Argentina and one from there to Chile / Pacific highway connections.

Air table

Sons and daughters of the town

  • Antonio Agri (1932-1998), Tango Violinist
  • Cristian Ansaldi ( born 1986 ), football player
  • Éver Banega (* 1988), football player
  • Gato Barbieri ( born 1934 ), jazz musician (tenor saxophone) and film composer
  • Lucas Bernardi ( b. 1977 ), football player
  • Emanuel Biancucchi (* 1988), football player
  • Marcelo Bielsa ( born 1955 ), football player and coach
  • Octavio Brunetti ( b. 1975 ), pianist
  • Mauro Cetto ( b. 1982 ), football player
  • José Cura (born 1962 ), opera singer and conductor
  • Leticia Daneri (* 1934), Cantautora
  • César Delgado ( b. 1981 ), football player
  • Matias Emilio Delgado ( b. 1982 ), football player
  • Edgardo Dobry (* 1962), writer and translator
  • Alberto Echagüe (1909-1987), tango singer
  • Damián Escudero (* 1987), football player
  • Lucio Fontana (1899-1968), painter and sculptor
  • Roberto Fontanarrosa (1944-2007), cartoonist
  • Ezequiel Marcelo Garay ( born 1986 ), football player
  • Ezequiel González ( born 1980 ), football player
  • Dante Grela ( born 1941 ), composer and music educator
  • Hermann Grossmann (1899-1968), German author
  • Che Guevara (1928-1967), doctor, Cuban revolutionary
  • Darío Grandinetti (* 1959), actor
  • Leandro Grech ( born 1980 ), football player
  • Jorge Horst ( b. 1963 ), composer
  • Alicia Kozameh (* 1953), writer
  • Matías Lequi ( b. 1961 ), football player
  • Julio " Matador" Libonatti (1901-1981), football player
  • Lucas Matías light ( b. 1981 ), football player
  • Fabián Marcaccio ( born 1963 ), painter and artist
  • Ángel Di María (* 1988), football player
  • Rinaldo Martino (1921-2000), football player
  • Javier Mascherano ( born 1984 ), football player
  • César Luis Menotti ( born 1938 ), football coach
  • Lionel Andres Messi ( * 1987), football player
  • Oscar Milani ( born 1946 ), German - Argentine harpsichordist
  • Osvaldo Montes ( b. 1934 ), bandoneon and tango composer
  • Miguel Ángel Montuori (1932-1998), football player
  • Luciano Fabián Monzón (* 1987), football player
  • Oscar Muller (1957-2005), French footballer
  • Litto Nebbia ( born 1948 ), rock singer and tango musicians
  • Fito Páez ( born 1963 ), songwriter, singer and composer
  • José Pastoriza (1942-2004), football player
  • Livio Dante Porta (1922-2003), railway engineer
  • Maximiliano Rodríguez ( born 1981 ), football player
  • Semino Rossi (born 1962 ), Austrian pop singer
  • Lionel Scaloni (born 1978 ), football player
  • Eduardo Schwank ( born 1986 ), tennis player
  • Santiago Hernán Solari ( born 1976 ), football player
  • Pablo Ernesto Vitti ( born 1985 ), football player
  • Dorothy Wrinch (1894-1976), mathematician
  • Juan Carlos Zabala (1911-1983), athlete and Olympic champion
  • Gonzalo Zárate ( born 1984 ), football player
  • Hector Zeoli (* 1984), organist, composer and music educator


  • Italy Alessandria, Italy, since 1997
  • Paraguay Asuncion, Paraguay, 1993
  • Spain Bilbao, Spain, since 1988
  • Spain Barcelona, ​​Spain
  • Venezuela Caracas, Venezuela, since 1998
  • Chile Concepción, Chile
  • Senegal Dakar, Senegal, since 1998
  • Israel Haifa, Israel, since 1988
  • Italy Imperia, Italy, since 1987
  • Colombia Manizales, Colombia, since 1998