Buenos Aires Province

( Details)

( Details)

- Total - Percentage of Argentina

307,801 km ² 11.08

- Total 2012 - Density

15,433,267 inhabitants 50.1 inhabitants / km ²

The Buenos Aires (Provincia de Buenos Aires ) Province is located in eastern Argentina amid the fertile pampas level. It is with more than one -third of the entire population of Argentina is the most populous and also the geographically largest province of the country. In the north- east of the province, on the Río de la Plata, is the capital of the Republic of Argentina, Buenos Aires, which itself (as opposed to its suburbs ) is not, however, part of the province. Unlike all other Argentine provinces of Buenos Aires is not organized into regions. The reason is that the main task of the Regions is to provide an economic counterpart to Buenos Aires. Capital of the province is located in the metropolitan Buenos Aires La Plata.

Geography and climate

The province is bordered on the north by Santa Fe and Entre Ríos, on the east by Uruguay, on the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south of Rio Negro, on the west by La Pampa and northwest to Córdoba.

Geographically it completely belongs to the pampa region, except for the extreme south, which is one of Patagonia. The most prominent mountain ranges are the Sierra de la Ventana (up to 1,100 meters) and the Sierra de Tandil (up to 600 meters).

The climate is temperate and oceanic, with warm summers and mild winters, and a constantly high humidity and high precipitation throughout the year. Towards the west and southwest it is dry.

Population and cities

In the province about a third of the country 's population. Particularly, it focuses in the area around the province for not belonging, but forming a separate federal district capital of Buenos Aires, called the Gran Buenos Aires. There live two-thirds of the province 's population. The largest city in the province is the Bonaerenser suburb La Matanza ( 1.1 million inhabitants), followed by the provincial capital La Plata ( 770,000 ) and the seaside resort of Mar del Plata ( 576,000 ). More populous cities are Bahia Blanca ( 291,000 ), San Nicolás ( 132,000 ), Tandil ( 111,000 ) and Zárate ( 96,000 ).

The population consists largely of descendants of Spaniards, Italians and Britons, the latter are to be found mainly in the south of the province. Notable Indian settlements there are at most in the extreme south ( Tehuelches, almost 100% mestizisiert ).


For Europe, the provincial area was entered for the first time by Juan Díaz de Solís 1516. Early settlers activities but failed, so the 1536 active on the coast of the Río de la Plata Pedro de Mendoza 1541 its area of ​​Santa María del Buen Ayre had to give up again. The final settlement of the province goes back to the founder of Buenos Aires, Juan de Garay, in the vicinity of the city einrichtete 1580 an encomienda system. From the surrounding estancias numerous emerging towns sprang up in the north of the present-day province.

As an independent territorial unit but only since February 2, 1820, the province is included you then a much larger area than today. Throughout the central west to the Andes and Patagonia all. However, until the mid-19th century, the pro-government troops controlled except for a few enclaves such as Carmen de Patagones only the northern part of the present province of field; the south and a large part of the central West were ruled by indigenous people.

Since the Argentine Confederation ( Confederación Argentina), with the exception of the short period 1826-1827 had no central government, was the province of Buenos Aires, which was then the city of Buenos Aires with included a de facto independent state. But she had held a dominant position among the other provinces, so their governor was in charge of the foreign policy of the loose confederation of states. In particular, Juan Manuel de Rosas, governor 1829-1832 and 1835-1853, built these privileges and established a dictatorship, from the other provinces in particular due to the concentration of exports to the port of Buenos Aires, and military interventions Rosas ' largely were dependent. There he failed to unite the country.

In 1853, refused the province of Buenos Aires to participate in the constitutional congress, and split from Argentina. So she was briefly an independent state, the Estado de Buenos Aires was called, but was not recognized by the other provinces. Only in 1862 entered the province of Buenos Aires to the State Union back in, which was then renamed República Argentina.

After the pro-government troops until 1880 under the so-called Conquista del Desierto, a campaign against the Mapuche and Tehuelche, had penetrated far to the south, large parts of the territory were separated and 1884 a number of national territories established La Pampa, Neuquén, Chubut, Santa Cruz and Tierra del Fuego. Only in the course of the 20th century were also awarded this provincial status.

In 1882, the city of Buenos Aires, which until then was capital of the province was separated from this and explains simultaneously the capital of Argentina. As new capital of the province of the city of La Plata was founded in the same year.

During the 20th century, the areas were the colonized until then almost uninhabited southern and southwestern part of the province. From about 1890 was built on the Atlantic coast is a major tourism, while agriculture was a large area extended to the rest of the province.

Political system

The currently valid constitution of the province of Buenos Aires from the year 1994.

The legislature of the province consists of two chambers, the Chamber of Deputies ( Cámara de Deputies ) and the Senate ( Senado ) together. The members of both chambers are elected every four years, and every two years, half of which is re-elected. They may not be state employees simultaneously. The two chambers normally meet separately and come together only in certain special cases as Asamblea Legislativa together.

At the head of the executive of the province is the Governor ( Gobernador ), who is elected together with the Vice Governor ( Vicegobernador ) by direct vote for four years. The election shall be held together with a choice of half of the deputies. A single re- election in a row for governor or lieutenant governor is allowed. The Lieutenant Governor represents the governor, if it can not perform his duties, and takes over in the event of his death, dismissal or resignation of the office of governor until the end of the regular term. If both the governor and the vice governor be left office, the First Vice President of the Senate shall provisionally their functions, but must immediately convene a meeting of the Asamblea Legislativa that selects a interim governor. This shall hold office until the next upcoming date for the election of half of the deputies, together with this Governor and Lieutenant Governor are then re-elected.

Administrative divisions

The Buenos Aires province is administratively divided into 134 partidos, which also function as units of local self-government and are referred to in this capacity as municipios.

The municipios each have a Intendente, who heads the executive branch, and a Concejo who has ever by population 6-24 members ( Concejales ). Both the Intendente and the Concejales are directly elected for a term of four years, in each case every two years half of the Concejales is elected. The elections are always held together with the elections to the provincial legislature. The Officers of the Municipalities may not simultaneously hold office in the executive, legislative or judicial branches at the level of the entire state or province, and no paid employees of the municipality or its police officers. Foreigners who speak the Spanish language, for at least two years living in the municipality and pay taxes have, as well as Argentine citizens to vote and to stand for election to the Concejo, but not more than one-third of the seats in Concejo hold.

See also: List of Partidos of Buenos Aires province


Almost the entire territory of the province 's land is farmed or used for livestock. In all cities there are agro-industrial firms who use the products. There are also around the cities a diversified industry ( automobile industry in General Pacheco in Buenos Aires, chemical industry in Bahia Blanca, the steel industry in Campana ). Approximately 60 % of the total industry in the country are concentrated in this province.

Another important source of income is tourism, especially on the southern Atlantic coast of the province, the five most important seaside resorts of Argentina located at the with Mar del Plata, Necochea, Miramar, Pinamar and Villa Gesell. Also of importance is the region near the mouth of the Río de la Plata, the so-called Atlantida Argentina, with the holiday resorts of San Clemente del Tuyú, Santa Teresita and Mar de Ajó.

Buenos Aires | Catamarca | Chaco | Chubut | Córdoba | Corrientes | Entre Ríos | Formosa | Jujuy | La Pampa | La Rioja | Mendoza | Misiones | Neuquén | Río Negro | Salta | San Juan | San Luis | Santa Cruz | Santa Fe | Santiago del Estero | Tierra del Fuego | Tucumán | Autonomous City of Buenos Aires

- 36.157222222222 - 60.569722222222Koordinaten: 36 ° S, 61 ° W

  • Argentine province
  • Buenos Aires Province