Mar del Plata
Mar del Plata (Spanish for Silver Sea) is the largest and most famous seaside resort in Argentina. The city lies in the southeast of the province of Buenos Aires and has about 600,000 permanent residents.
Mar del Plata was founded in 1874 by Patricio Peralta Ramos, however, was at first only an insignificant harbor town with a salt factory. After it was in 1886, however, connected to the railway network in the country, came more and more visitors, 1888 the first hotel was opened. The businessman Pedro Luro transformed the place within a few years in a seaside resort along the lines of the French Biarritz. By 1890 Mar del Plata was the fashion of Argentina resort par excellence, and the city's growth was unstoppable.
Around three million tourists among the city each year. For the summer, the population doubles permanently to about 1,000,000. The total of 20 kilometers of beaches are the tourist capital of the city, architectural landmarks, there is little, if one disregards the creations of the villa architects of the early 20th century in the district of Los Troncos. Another attraction is the night life, with the largest casino in Argentina and several theaters, music halls and nightclubs.
In summer, a large part of the cultural scene in the relatively near Buenos Aires to Mar del Plata shifted. The International Film Festival of Mar del Plata in November is the most important of Argentina and one of the largest in Latin America.
The tourism determines the economy and has led to a dependence of the population of high visitor numbers. This problem was reflected, among other things reflected that unemployment in the crisis years of 1998-2002 rose to 28 percent and the number of slum dwellers increased by leaps and bounds. Since it also reinforced the devaluation has been attracting foreigners because of the low prices in Argentine resorts, it is the city's economy significantly better. Another important economic sector in addition to tourism is fishing. Furthermore, the city has an industrial park west of the city center near the neighboring town of Batan; while the food industry (especially fish processing ), the production of agricultural machinery, electronics, textile and packaging industry is a leader.
Geography and climate
Mar del Plata is located on the South Atlantic Ocean, at the foot of the Sierra de los Padres low, a portion of the Tandilia - Sierrensystems. The area is part of the Pampa region. The climate is oceanic stresses without marked extremes of temperature and relative humid.
In Mar del Plata two football clubs are established, which play at the national level: The CA Aldosivi playing in the second highest league in the country, the Nacional B, and the CA Alvarado, who plays in the Torneo Argentino B.
1978 took place six games of the first final round of the World Cup in Mar del Plata. This Mar del Plata is to date the most southern place took place at the World Cup games.
1995, Mar del Plata host the XII. Pan-American Games. In June 1996, a four - nation tournament in basketball was held in Mar del Plata, which was attended besides the Argentines, Germany, Uruguay and Cuba and Germany in the final against the hosts could decide for themselves.
Mar del Plata has partnerships with the following cities and administrative units:
- Acireale, Italy, since December 7, 1996
- Bari, Italy, since November 27, 2000
- Cancun, Mexico, since December 2, 1987
- Fort Lauderdale, United States, since April 21, 2001
- Havana, Cuba, since December 11, 1998
- Canton of Fribourg, Switzerland, since 7 February 1994;
- Porto Recanati, Italy, since August 8, 1998
- San Benedetto del Tronto, Italy, since November 29, 2001
- Sant'Angelo in Vado, Italy, since June 10, 1998
- Sorrento, Italy
- Viña del Mar, Chile, since September 3, 2001
In addition, cooperation agreements exist with:
- A Coruña, Spain, since July 14, 2000
- Estancia del Socorro, Paraguay, since June 16, 2000
- Isla Mujeres, Mexico, since September 11, 2001
- Tianjin, China, since July 6, 2001
Sons and daughters of the town
- Tristán Bauer, Film Director
- Gabriel Curuchet, cyclist
- Juan Curuchet, cyclist
- Juan Esnáider, football player
- Germán Burgos, national football team
- Luciano Galletti, football player
- Elsa Justel, composer
- Paz Lenchantin, Musician
- Roberto Mieres, former race car driver
- Pablo Ojeda, composer and percussionist
- Astor Piazzolla, musicians, bandoneon player and composer
- Julio Hernán Rossi, Italian - Argentine football player
- Osvaldo Soriano, writer and journalist
- Guillermo Vilas, successful tennis players