Misiones Province

( Details)

( Details)

- Total - Percentage of Argentina

29801 km ² 1.07

- Total 2010 - Density

1,101,593 inhabitants 37.0 inhabitants / km ²

Misiones is one of the 23 provinces of Argentina. It lies in the northeast of the country on the border with Paraguay and Brazil. South of Misiones is the province of Corrientes.

The province was after the missions of the Jesuits, the so-called Jesuit reductions, which were located in the region designated. Of the 15 reductions in Argentina were eleven in Misiones. Four of them were set in 1984 by UNESCO on the list of World Heritage: San Ignacio Miní, Nuestra Señora de Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto, Santa María la Mayor.

Biggest tourist attraction of Misiones are the Iguazú Falls in the far north of the province on the border of the Brazilian state of Paraná. The Iguazu Falls are on the list of World Heritage Sites since 1984.

In Misiones is one of the last remnants within the Atlantic Forest.

Geography and climate

Misiones is bordered by the rivers Parana and Uruguay. Only in the north- east there is a short section where the border into Brazil is not determined by a body of water.

The terrain is hilly to mountainous. In the south and center of the province of Misiones, the mountains (Sierra de Misiones ) is to be called, in the north, the Sierra de la Victoria moves from east to west. The highest point is the Cerro del Rincon with 843 m, which is near the city of Bernardo de Irigoyen.

The area is almost continuously covered with the exception of the agricultural area of wetlands and rainforest. In order to protect the very rich flora and fauna, the Iguazú National Park in the far north was established. There are the Iguazú Falls, which are among the most water in the world and are a popular destination for tourism.

The climate is subtropical and humid throughout the year with relatively small seasonal variation. The temperature in summer is 26 ° C and average winter 15-17 ° C. The rainfall is 1500-1800 mm per year.

Economically important cities

  • Posadas, capital of the province with about 280,000 inhabitants, administrative and industrial center.
  • Oberá, agro- industrial Town in the central hill country, about 60,000 inhabitants.
  • Eldorado in the northwest of the province, Farming former German colony, about 50,000 inhabitants.
  • Puerto Iguazu, border town with Brazil near the Iguazú National Park, dominated by commerce and tourism, about 35,000 inhabitants.

Administrative divisions

The Misiones province is divided into 17 departments, which 75 municipalities ( municipios ) are assigned. In the system of adjacent territories this community include the entire area of the province.

The provincial constitution was adopted on 21 April 1958, and recognizes the autonomy of municipalities to. The municipalities was in those of the first category (more than 10,000 inhabitants) and the second category ( 5,000 to 10,000 inhabitants) divided.