Transport for London
Transport for London ( TfL) is an umbrella organization that coordinates since 2001 the transport system in the British capital London. TfL is guided by a committee, which reports directly to the Mayor of London, and is presided over by this. The Commissioner of Transport for London has been Managing Director and to the committee responsible.
TfL is divided into three main directorates that are responsible for certain types of transport.
- London Underground, responsible for the operation of the London Underground. The maintenance was originally privatized to the company Metronet and Tube Lines; after heavy cost overruns and bankruptcy of Metronet, this partial privatization in 2010 was rescinded. For the purpose of operating the network is divided into three sub-networks: BCV: Bakerloo Line, Central Line, Victoria Line, Waterloo & City Line
- JNP: Jubilee Line, Northern Line, Piccadilly Line
- SSR (Sub Surface Railway): Metropolitan Line, District Line, Circle Line, Hammersmith & City Line
- London Rail, responsible for Coordination with railway companies, providing services within the framework of National Rail train services within London
- London Overground, the operation is carried out by a private franchisee and maintenance by Network Rail
- Docklands Light Railway, the operation and maintenance by a private franchisee takes place
- London Trams, awarding of operating rights for the London rail / tram ( Tramlink so far only in the south of the city)
- Surface transport ( surface transport ), consisting of London Buses: coordination of city bus network across London and awarding of concessions to private bus line
- London Dial-a- Ride: Rufbussystem for people with disabilities
- London River Services: licensing and coordination of passenger shipping on the River Thames in London
- London Streets: Keep to the main roads
- London Congestion Charge
- Public Carriage Office: licensing of the famous black taxis and other private taxi companies
- Victoria Coach Station: London's most important terminal for regional and intercity buses
- Cycling Centre of Excellence: promoting cycling in London, and award of the concession for Barclays Cycle Hire
- Walking, responsible for better access for pedestrians
- London Road Safety Unit, in charge of promoting road safety
- Community Safety, Enforcement and Policing, responsible for ticket inspections on trains as well as collaboration with the Metropolitan Police Service and the British Transport Police
- Traffic Enforcement, responsible for enforcement of traffic rules on the main roads
- Freight Unit, responsible for the development of a freight plan
TfL owns and operates the London Transport Museum (LTM ) in Covent Garden. This transport museum focuses on the history of transport in London. In addition, there is an extensive museum depot in Acton, which is open only during some weekends.
Most transport, which is under the control of Transport for London have their own tariff system for single trips. London Buses City buses and Tramlink apply a common tariff system, as well as London Underground and Docklands Light Railway.
About this modal specific tariff systems for single journeys there is the travel card system that offers season tickets (including subscriptions) on base fare zone with a validity period of between one day and one year. These are valid on the Docklands Light Railway in the London Underground, in city buses, on trains and the tram link, to a certain degree also on ship lines. The Oyster card is a new contactless smart card system, Travel Cards can be loaded with the single tickets paid in advance or.
London's transport history
Until 1933 there was no overall coordination of different transport modes. This changed on 1 July 1933, the founding of the London Passenger Transport Board ( LPTB ). This public authority took control of all the metros and trams as well as almost all buses. In 1948 the LPTB in the newly created London Transport Executive (LTE ) over; . She was part of the British Transport Commission, which was responsible for British Railways. 1963 came the LTE under the name London Transport Board (LTB ) in the direct responsibility of the British Transport Minister.
From 1970 to 1984, the Greater London Council (GLC ) of the bus network in Greater London and the London Underground was responsible. The set up for this purpose management department was the London Transport Executive (GLC ). 1984 saw the establishment of public- law company London Regional Transport ( LRT) created since the GLC should be dissolved two years later. LRT outsourced the London Underground from 1985 to the subsidiary London Underground Limited ( LUL ). After the privatization of bus services in the late 1980s LRT was grantor for the advertised bus routes. In 2000, TfL took over from the LRT and took over from this organization, the majority of tasks and transport modes as a director's company.
The Public Carriage Office was originally a division of the Metropolitan Police Service, the maintenance of the main streets was previously the responsibility of the British Government and the London Boroughs individual. Both tasks were also transferred to TfL in 2000. The London Underground network was only in 2003 at TfL.