The Victoria Line is a subway line of the London Underground. It is one of the newer low-profile lines ( tube train), is 22.5 km long and has 16 stations. On the network map, the line is shown in light blue.
Construction of the line
The Victoria Line runs completely in two separate tube tunnels (except for the nearly two -kilometer access road to the maintenance workshop Northumberland Park at Seven Sisters). The line runs from Walthamstow in north- east to Brixton in the south. It was opened in 1968-1971 to relieve other lines (especially the Piccadilly Line). The lines were chosen so that at as many points interchanges created ( actually only has the station Pimlico is no transition to other rail transport means ). In the stations of King's Cross St. Pancras, Oxford Circus and Green Park was built to the distribution levels or built it from scratch. The distance between the individual stations, in comparison with other lines is relatively large, allowing a higher average speed of travel. She is one of only two lines, the line runs completely underground.
Design of the stations
Stations of Victoria Line are designed differently. On the walls, the tiles are arranged so that they each represent a symbol, which indicates to the proximity of the station.
Examples of symbols:
- Blackhorse Road: Black horse ( black horse ) on a white background
- Finsbury Park: Two crossed dueling pistols; in Finsbury Park duels were fought between nobles earlier.
- King's Cross St. Pancras: Five Crowns, which are arranged in a cross shape ( King Cross).
- Victoria: The profile of Queen Victoria, as for example is mapped to the world's first postage stamp, the Penny Black.
- Walthamstow Central: A designed by the artist William Morris was born in Walthamstow pattern.
- Warren Street: Warren is an obsolete English name for the maze. Therefore, on the walls is a complicated pattern of a maze to find. Passengers who have some time to spare, find after a few minutes the solution.
The Victoria Line is the first fully automatically operated line in the world. From the inauguration of the then-new 1967 Tube Stock trains were inserted with Automatic Train Operation (ATO / automated driving). The platoon leader is only by pressing a button the Abfahrauftrag, then the train is controlled automatically to the next station and brakes there exactly. The opening of the doors is done, however, by the driver; there is no mechanism to prevent opening the door on the wrong side, which led to an accident, reprimanding the driver and a strike on 22 April 2009. The 1967 Tube Stock trains since 2010 replaced by new trains of 2009 Tube Stock, who until August 2012 to completely take over the operation of the Victoria Line. This type is longer, has more standing room space and is equipped in each compartment with CCTV cameras. It was manufactured by Bombardier in Derby. The trains are housed in Northumberland Park depot.
Subsequently, the stations from north to south with their opening dates:
- Walthamstow Central - opened on September 1, 1968
- Blackhorse Road - opened on September 1, 1968
- Tottenham Hale - opened on September 1, 1968
- Seven Sisters - opened on September 1, 1968
- Finsbury Park - opened on September 1, 1968
- Highbury & Islington - opened on September 1, 1968
- King's Cross St. Pancras - opened on December 1, 1968
- Euston - opened on December 1, 1968
- Warren Street - opened on December 1, 1968
- Oxford Circus - opened on March 7, 1969
- Green Park - opened on March 7, 1969
- Victoria - opened on March 7, 1969
- Pimlico - opened on September 14, 1972
- Vauxhall - opened on July 23, 1971
- Stockwell - opened on July 23, 1971
- Brixton - opened on July 23, 1971
By 2010, the route network and signal systems were partially renewed to allow faster operation on the track. For the route from mid-2004 until 20 November 2008, every night locked to revise them. During this time there were rail replacement bus service between Finsbury Park and Walthamstow Central, and between Victoria and Brixton. Among other things, also of Victoria station was rebuilt, so that there are now more additions and the main entrance is relieved. Since 2009, new trains are used on the Victoria Line.