Vellore (Tamil: வேலூர் velur [ lu ː ʋe ː ɾ ] ) is a city in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu with around 186,000 inhabitants ( 2011 census ). It is the administrative seat of the district of Vellore. Vellore is located on the eastern edge of the Eastern Ghats about 120 kilometers west of Chennai, near the border with Andhra Pradesh. The city is drained by the Palar.
In the Middle Ages Vellore was under the rule of the Pallava, Rashtrakuta, Chola and Vijayanagar Empire of. After its collapse as a result of the Battle of Talikota in 1565 swung to the Nayaks, the former provincial governor of Vijayanagar, on to regional rulers. Also Vellore came under the control of a Nayak who ordered the construction of a strong fortress to defend the city in the second half of the 16th century. Around the middle of the 17th century the fortress fell into the hands of the Sultan of Bijapur, whose troops were, however, already in 1676 sold by the Marathas again. They were followed in 1708 Daud Khan, the first Nawab of Arcot. He and his successors were able to maintain Vellore to 1760, when the British were advancing for the first time to the city. A few years later the fortress was the Muslim commander Hyder Ali, who had in 1761 placed at the top of the Kingdom of Mysore, taken over. For Hyder Ali and his successor Tipu Sultan it was an important bulwark against the British adversary dar. latter succeeded in the city 1780-1782, to keep you occupied during the Second Mysore War. After the final defeat of Tipu Sultan's Mysore 1799 children were held prisoner by the British in the fortress of Vellore. Vellore was made famous by a revolt of Indian soldiers against their British commanders on May 10, 1806 which was received as Vellore munity in the story. Back then stormed rebellious soldiers the fortress of Vellore to deliver the children of Tipu Sultan. However, British troops crushed the mutiny within hours bloodily suppressed.
Today Vellore is known for its hospital, the Christian Medical College (CMC), which is considered one of the largest and best equipped of India, as well as for the private University Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT). There are also several University Chennai affiliated Colleges in the city. The economic basis is the production and processing of leather.
The main attraction of the city is that of a moated fortress from the 16th century, in which a Hindu temple has been preserved from the 14th century.