Vigo ( gal and span [ biɣo ] ) is a port and industrial city in northwestern Spain.
Vigo is in Pontevedra province in the Autonomous Region ( Comunidad Autónoma ) Galicia ( Galicia ) at the named after the city about 30 km long Vigo estuary on the Atlantic Ocean. On 1 January 2013 had Vigo 296 479, including the suburbs 420 672 inhabitants ( 2010). This makes it the largest city in Galicia. Vigo is one of the Spanish university campuses with the University of Vigo.
Economy and Transport
Vigo has one of the largest natural harbors in Spain and is home to the largest fishing fleet in the country. The port of Vigo in the supply of marine products for human consumption, the world's largest significance. Vigo is the headquarters of the European Fisheries Control Agency. In Vigo Moreover, where a work by the French car manufacturer PSA is (Peugeot - Citroen), in which the models C4 Picasso and Berlingo will be made .
The city is accessible via the lying on the territory of the neighboring community Redondela Peinador airport by plane. Airlines Iberia, Air Europa and Air France connecting the international airport and Vigo with direct flights ( several times a day ) to Barcelona, Bilbao, Madrid, Paris, ( once a day, several times a week or weekly) Alicante, Gran Canaria, Malaga, Palma de Mallorca, Seville and Tenerife, from summer 2008 to London.
Vigo was founded by the Romans ( Vicus ). The later medieval settlement was located at the foot of Mount O Castro, closing today's old quarter with a Berbés.
End of the 10th century Moorish ruler Almanzor fell upon the city, and only in 1170 was Fernando II ( 1157-1188 ) Vigo repopulate. Constant raids of the Normans and the plague in the 14th century (almost died the entire population ) put the Viguesen too strong. After Charles V in 1529, the city endowed with privileges, Vigo flourished mainly through the South American trade. Sir Francis Drake was the unpaved Vigo 1589 destroy thoroughly during the Counter Armada. 1619 plundered Turkish pirates in the Ría de Vigo, Vigo then got its walls. 1702 ended the Battle of Vigo between a Franco-Spanish Armada Gold and Anglo- Dutch squadrons with a raid of the victorious British through Vigo. Napoleon's troops entered the city in 1808, after three months of French occupation they were expelled by the Viguesen again. By 1840, only 5,500 people lived in Vigo. In 1853 appeared the Faro de Vigo, the oldest newspaper in Spain.
After Transición Vigo was next to one of the centers of the Madrid Movida cultural awakening after the end of Franco's dictatorship.
In 1980, the animal rights group Sea Shepherd sank in the port of Vigo the whalers isba I and II isba
- Of the three Islas Cies ( the Ría de Vigo offshore islands ), only the Illa do Norte and to reach the south subsequent Illa do Faro by ferry; for the smaller Illa Sur do you need a private boat. The 433 -acre archipelago is a popular recreation area with great beaches and nature reserve where you can observe nesting gulls, cormorants and herons. The beach Illa do Norte was chosen by the British newspaper The Guardian as the most beautiful beach in the world.
- The old town, the old fishermen's quarter Berbés and the port
- Vigo has the only zoo in Galicia, it is located on a 240 m high mountain, is 45,000 square feet in size and is home to about 600 animals (lions, pumas, black bears, bison and reptiles).
- The Rande Bridge to a narrowing of the Ria
- Castro, ancient fortress of Vigo
- Playa de Samil, the largest beach of the city
- The shopping streets Príncipe, Urzáiz and Gran Vía.
Vigo's railway station is the terminus of the railway line Monforte Orense - Vigo. Since the main train station URZAIZ is currently being transformed to establish a connection to the Spanish high-speed network, the newly built railway station Vigo Guixar serves as a temporary solution. There are train connections within Galicia, Barcelona, Valencia, Madrid and Bilbao and the Portuguese Porto. At the Spanish road network Vigo is connected through the Autopista AP- 9, which leads east to the town over. From the exit Vigo to the center leads the Autopista AP- 9V.
The port of Vigo is significant especially for fishing. It operates the world's largest fish market. Nine kilometers east of the city center of Vigo Airport.
Vigo is the site of a technically oriented university where more than 20,000 students are enrolled.
- In football there with Real Club Celta de Vigo one in the Primera División ( first Spanish league ) playing professional team in the 2002 /2003 UEFA Champions League to qualify 2003/2004 for the first time.
Vigo is twinned with
- Argentina Buenos Aires ( Argentina)
- Venezuela Caracas ( Venezuela)
- France Lorient ( France)
- Portugal Porto ( Portugal)
- Spain Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain )
Sons and daughters of the town
- Casimiro Marcó del Pont (1777-1819), Spanish soldier and from 1815 to 1818 last Governor of Chile
- Cesáreo González (1903-1968), Spanish film producer
- Pahiño (1923-2012), Spanish footballer
- Carlos Núñez (born 1971 ), Galician Celtic folk musicians
- Borja Oubiña ( b. 1982 ), Spanish footballer
- Roberto Lago ( born 1985 ), Spanish footballer
- Jonathan Pereira Rodríguez ( * 1987), Spanish footballer
- Iago Falqué (* 1990), Spanish footballer