Wakkanai (Japanese稚 内 市, -shi) is the northernmost city in Japan.
The city's name is derived from the Ainu language ( yamwakkanay ), meaning " the creek, where cold water flows ."
Wakkanai is located on the island of Hokkaido and is the administrative headquarters of the sub-prefecture Soya.
The climate Wakkanais is because of the location is also one of the coolest of Japan. In winter it is often chilly and snow is falling ( January 6 ° C). Only in March the temperatures rise above 0 ° C. Spring is quite long and it is around 12 ° C noticeably warmer in June. August is the warmest month of the year, the values increase to an average of 20 ° C. In autumn, the weather is gradually uncomfortable with a lot of rain, but mild temperatures. Snow falling again in late November. Annually, fall 1161 mm of rainfall, temperature extremes lie between -19.4 ° C and 31.2 ° C.
Important industries are fishing, dairy farming and agriculture.
The city owns the Wakkanai airport and a harbor.
- Train: JR Soya Main Line
- National roads 40, 232, 238
Twinning exist internally to Ishigaki, the southernmost city in Japan, and internationally to Yuzhno -Sakhalinsk ( Sakhalin, Russia) and Anchorage ( Alaska).
- Russia Korsakov, since 1991
- Russia Yuzhno -Sakhalinsk, since 2001