World Sportscar Championship
The World Sportscar Championship, also branded World Cup, is a discharged by the FIA racing series for sports cars, which was fought from 1953 to 1992. Since 2012 there is with the FIA World Endurance Championship, a new world championship for sports cars.
Analogous to formula 1 one wanted to summarize several races to a championship. In the initial phase next to circuit races also road races such as the Mille Miglia and Carrera Panamericana, these included, in the 1960s came next long-distance races and 24 -hour race even sprint races, hill climbing it.
Like the whole FIA regulations, including the technical rules for the World Sportscar Championship were changed several times.
In the early days of the Championship just a designer title is assigned, beginning in 1982, with the introduction of Group C then a drivers' title.
As of 1989, the FIA wanted to have more influence on the World Sportscar Championship, so ( as at that time in Formula 1 ) 3.5-liter naturally aspirated engines were introduced, as well as the racing calendar has been expanded to 12 races. Manufacturers should enroll for the entire season, the only way was also an inaugural season in the climax, the 24 Hours of Le Mans, possible. The marketing was transferred Bernie Ecclestone.
1992 took place the last scoring run with the 500 - km race at Magny -Cours. After the World Cup was set based on the cost explosion and the decreasing interest of the automobile manufacturers.
After 20 years, the World Cup 2012 was re-tendered in the form of the FIA World Endurance Championship. The International Automobile Federation FIA gave the former Intercontinental Le Mans Cup ( ILMC ) official world championship status. Together with Le Mans organizer ACO, the series is organized. The race calendar, also included the 24 - hour race at Le Mans. The titles were awarded to designers and pilots, in addition, there was a GT world title for designers.