Zapolyarny, Murmansk Oblast

Sapoljarny (also Sapoljarnyj, Russian Заполярный ) is a town with 15,825 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010 ) on the Kola Peninsula in Russia's Murmansk Oblast. It is located 158 km north-west of the regional capital Murmansk, near the state border between Russia and Norway.


The territory of the town belonged to Finland from 1922 to 1940. 1956 Sapoljarny was initially under the name Schdanowsk ( Ждановск ) - in honor of the politician Andrei Zhdanov - founded. The occasion was the development of copper and nickel deposits in the area. In 1963, the place its present name, which means " city of the Arctic Circle ," and at the same time the city rights.

Sapoljarny is known primarily for the 1970-1994 about 10 km guided by Kola hole, which was from 1979 to 2008 the world's deepest borehole in the earth's crust.

Following local government reform in the 2000s has Sapoljarny including eingemeindeten territories a total area of ​​about 4620 km ², making it the largest city in Russia area.


Note: Census data


In 1940, the Combine Petschenganikel ( Печенганикель ) for the promotion of copper and nickel. Today it is part of the Russian mining company MMC Norilsk Nickel.