Knives, view to Uetliberg
Knives ( in local dialect: ( z) Atlischwiil / Adlischwiil [( ts) ɑtliʒ̊ʋi ː l / ɑd̥liʒ̊ʋi ː l], with varying emphasis ) is a municipality in the district of Horgen in the canton of Zurich in Switzerland.
It has grown into a small town on the outskirts of Zurich since the 1950s.
Coat of arms
Adliswils coat of arms consists of a yellow eagle on a blue background and a half blue mill wheel on a yellow background. These two symbols refer to two of the first buildings that existed in Knives, namely the Adler and the mill, which has long stood a little further upstream.
Knives in the lower Sihl valley between Albis and Breakfast Mountain on the border of the city of Zurich. The forest covers a third of the municipal area, the settlement area and the traffic almost half, 20 % are still agriculture.
From the introduction of the town charter in 1974 until 2010 led a nine-member city council administration, since 2010, there are only seven councilors. The City Council ( executive) determined by the legislature, the Great council, political events. The distribution of seats after the elections of January 2010 at the council: 10 seats SVP, 8 SP, 6 FDP, CVP 4, 4 FDP, 2 EPP, 2 Green.
Current city president is Harald Huber ( FDP).
- Population density: 2307.3 inhabitants per km2
- Number of households: 7573 (2000 )
- Religious affiliation: 27.0% Evangelical Reformed, 32.0 % Roman Catholic, 41.0 % other or no religious affiliation ( as of 2012)
A strong growth spurt experienced the community in the 19th century due to industrialization, while the was a large spinning mill, the silk weaving Mechanical Knives (MSA ) constructed. Today, many of the residents work in Zurich. The majority of the resident company is engaged in the tertiary sector. In particular, some insurance companies ( Generali, Swiss Reinsurance Company ) have settled some of their administration in Knives. It employs around 5,000 people in Knives.
Knives is located on the Sihltalbahn S 4 Zurich HB - Knives - Sihl the Sihltal Zurich Uetliberg Bahn ( SZU ), which is part of the Zurich Transport Network. In parallel, a main street of Zurich by Knives on Sihlbrugg in the Canton train.
The municipal area of the city, built in 1954 Knives cableway Adliswil - Felsenegg ( LAF) is operated on behalf of the owner of the SZU. The LAF is the only public aerial cableway in the canton of Zurich.
Starting with the football club founded in 1911, FC Knives, about the gymnastics club, the music and singing clubs, theaters Knives to the many ethnic groups that have organized themselves can be found in Knives over 130 clubs.
Evidence of settlements give the graves from the early Middle Ages, which were found in Gruet near the border city of Zurich. The slopes of the Zimmerberg and Albis were first settled, as the valley floor along the Sihl was always at risk from flooding.
The place name is from the 11th/12th. Century documentary evidence ( 1050 Adelenswile [ cop 16th century. ]; Ago 1140 ad Adololdiswile ) and is based on a composition of the Old High German personal name Adalolt < Adalwalt and the frequent ups at Alamannic rear limb - wīlāri to designate new Hofsiedlungen.
Since 1475 a bridge over the river Sihl is occupied. Even in the 15th century, the first mill weir is mentioned. The basic rule was at large and Zurich Bahnhofstrasse and in the monasteries Muri and Ruti and went 1406 to the city of Zurich.
In the years 1942 to 1945 was in Adliswil the second largest internment camp in Switzerland, which was established as a result of the German occupation of southern France. It was housed in the rooms of a disused mechanical Seidenstoffweberei. In particular, German Jews who had previously sought refuge in southern France, tried since then to save in Switzerland. The transit camp, which, despite its size owing to the shielding by the military in the population, little is known, offered space for around 500 people.
- Margrit Baur ( born 1937 ), writer
- Kamil Krejčí (* 1961), actor, director, writer
- Patrick Biagioli (born 1967 ), singer, actor and musical performer
- Dominik Blum (born 1964 ), musician and conductor
- John Brack (1950-2006), musician
- Bettina Bunge ( born 1963 ), German tennis player
- Raymond Fine ( born 1950 ), musician and television show host
- Dennis Furrer ( born 1980 ), dialect reggae singer
- Alex Hug ( b. 1943 ), choirmaster and organist
- Ferdy Kübler ( b. 1919 ), cyclist
- Peter Müller ( * 1957), skier
- Che Peyer ( born 1950 ), musician
- Emil Ruh (1884-1946), composer and conductor