Antonio Cañizares Llovera

Cardinal Antonio Cañizares Llovera (* October 15, 1945 in Utiel, Valencia Province, Spain) is a former Archbishop of Toledo and a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.


After studying Catholic theology in the Episcopal seminary in Valencia and the Pontifical University of Salamanca, he earned his doctorate with a catechetical dissertation entitled " Santo Tomás de Villanueva, testigo dela Iglesia española del siglo XVI " ( "St. Thomas of Villanueva - A witness to the Spanish Church of the 16th century " ) to Doctor of theology and received on 21 June 1970 in Sinarcas the sacrament of Holy Orders. Then he initially worked as a pastor in Valencia and later became a lecturer in catechesis in Madrid, then a professor of fundamental theology and finally professor in Salamanca. In 1985 he became secretary of the Doctrinal Commission of the Spanish Bishops' Conference.

On March 6, 1992, Pope John Paul II appointed Bishop of Ávila. He received his episcopal consecration the apostolic nuncio in Spain, Titular Archbishop Mario Tagliaferri, on April 25th of that year. His motto is Fiat voluntas tua ( ' Thy will be done " ) and comes from the Lord's Prayer. On 10 December 1996 John Paul II appointed him Archbishop of Granada, where he was introduced to his new position on 1 February 1997. In addition, he was Apostolic January-October 1998 Administrator of the Diocese of Cartagena. On 24 October 2002 he became archbishop of Toledo. With the acquisition of this office on 15 December of the same year, he was at the same time also Primate of Spain, because this title is traditionally associated with this Archdiocese.

From 8th March 2005 to March 4, 2008, he was Vice President of the Spanish Episcopal Conference. Cañizares Llovera is the founder and first president of the society Spanish catechists, member of the European catechists and director of the journal Teología y Catequesis.

After the death of John Paul II and the election of Joseph Ratzinger as Pope he has been discussed in the media as its possible successor in the office of the Prefect of the CDF. Pope Benedict XVI. took him in solemn consistory on 24 March 2006 as a cardinal priest with the titular church of San Pancrazio in the College of Cardinals to. His theological closeness to Benedict XVI. earned him the nickname "little Ratzinger " a.

On 9 December 2008, he was named Benedict XVI. to the Cardinal Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments. At the same time he was appointed to the inauguration of his successor, Braulio Rodríguez Plaza Apostolic Administrator of the Archdiocese of Toledo.

Following the resignation of Benedict XVI. Cardinal Cañizares took part in the conclave in 2013, was elected to the Pope Francis.

In February 2014, he represented the Pope at the celebrations of the 500th anniversary of the Diocese of Santa María de la Antigua (now the Archdiocese of Panama).


In an interview with the Catalan TV3 he called in May 2009 revealed thousandfold abuse, which "may have happened " in Irish Catholic children's homes, as absolutely condemn worthy. The church had to apologize for it. But he was not so serious and not to be compared with the millions of lives that have been lost by abortion.

Canizares accused the government of Zapatero 160,000 conservative protesters, " jeopardizing radical secularism democracy " with her. The Spanish Church sympathized before the general election in March 2008, barely concealed by the opposition party " Partido Popular ".


Spanish Bishops' Conference

Roman Curia

  • Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith ( 1995 )
  • Congregation for Bishops (since 2009; confirmed 2013)
  • Congregation for the Causes of Saints (since 2010)
  • Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei
  • Pontifical Committee for International Eucharistic Congresses ( since 2010)

Other organizations

  • Real Academia de la Historia (Royal Academy of History ) (since 2008)