Bandung ( until 1972: Bandoeng ), called " City of Flowers " ( Indonesian: Kota Kembang ), is the provincial capital of Jawa Barat (West Java) and with almost 3 million inhabitants of Indonesia 's fourth largest city after Jakarta, Surabaya and Medan. In colonial times, Bandung was known for its European ambiance and its culture as the "Paris of Java". Bandung shares with Miami 's tropical Art Deco architecture from the 1920s. The most significant Art Deco buildings in the city are the Villa Isola, the Grand Hotel Savoy Homann Bidakara Preanger and the hotel, in addition, there are other very interesting buildings of this architectural style.
Since the mid 19th century, Bandung was the heart of the plantation region. Bandung was the site of the historic Bandung Conference from April 18 to April 24, 1955. Bandung today is the center of higher education, trade, textile, leather and aircraft industries.
In Bandung next to some other universities in Indonesia, the highly respected ITB ( Institut Teknologi Bandung ) is a resident of that engineers from different disciplines formed.
The local language of the inhabitants of Bandung is the Sundanese, but almost everyone speaks Indonesian.
Bandung was first mentioned in documents in 1488, but the colonization of the plateau goes back to the Java man (Homo erectus ). Even today, artifacts are found in the range of Dago occasionally, which are then exhibited in the Geological Museum of Bandung. In 1614, Bandung was just 25 to 30 houses. The recovery took place from 1786 onwards, when in the course of the military expansion of the island of Java by the Dutch a road from Batavia (Jakarta ) by the Preanger Mountains after Cirebon was built in order to better protect the country against the English can. This post Groote led first by about 19 km north of the present city center ( Alun Alun ), later he was on the main street Bandung, today's Jalan Asia Afrika, laid.
Mid 19th century, was begun to grow in the region around Bandung Chinarindenbaum trees, Assam tea and coffee. In 1880, the growing city of Bandung was given a rail link with Jakarta, bringing the industrialization and the first tourism began, and also the first Chinese settled there. The first hotels and cafes opened, and the city developed to its glory of the Paris of the East. In 1920, the military headquarters of the Dutch East Indies colony was moved from Batavia to Bandung. The famous Art Deco building, Jalan Braga emerged during this period was the promenade of the colonial masters. It was the Technical Hogeschool founded and built the government center with the Gedung Sate northeast of the Alun Alun.
From 1940 to 1961, the population of the city grew by 230,000 to 1 million population, by 1990 the city grew to 2 million. Since 1987, the Bandung Raya plan in place, by which the city controls outside the city center, mainly west and south, for example in Kopo district and to the direction Cimahi grow, but just this district currently suffering from massive traffic problems as the major roads (for example, Jalan Kopo ) were not sufficiently specified. Unofficially, today is three to four million inhabitants of the question.
From 18 to 24 April 1955 historically important meeting of leaders from 29 Asian and African countries was held in Bandung, the 1.4 billion people represented ( Bandung Conference ). Among other things, the conference adopted a 10 -point program to which these States to the peaceful co-existence, the principle of national self-determination and to enter pleaded against neo-colonialism. The conference gave a strong impetus to the national liberation movements.
- Waterfalls of Maribaya northeast of the Dago district
- Tangkuban Perahu volcano ( " capsized boat " ) north of Lembang
- Kawah Putih volcano, south of Bandung
- Hot Springs Ciater, north of Lembang
- The zoo of Bandung
- Geological Museum, Geological Museum
- Museum Jawa Barat, archeology and culture of the province of West Java
- Museum Mandala Wangsit Siliwangi, Army Museum
- Gedung Merdeka museum or Asia- Africa Museum, reminiscent of the Asia- Africa Conference 1955
- The Jalan Asia- Africa with the Asia- Africa Conference Building " Gedung Merdeka ", various art-deco hotels, such as the " Savoy Homann "
- The Jalan Braga, with its restaurants, colonial architecture and pubs
- Uptown Ciumbuleuit, Cipaganti, Setrasari north of Jalan Asia- Africa with houses from the colonial period
- For railway fans: This bustling train station
- Gedung Sate, the administration building, Government of West Java, which carries this name because its like a satay skewer looking tip
- Jalan Cihampelas, textile shops
- Jalan Riau, Outlet Road
- Saung Angklung Udjo, with performance of Angklung music, dance and wayang golek
- Institut Teknologi, Bandung, Technical University
About 5 km north-west of the city center is the airport Bandung (BDO / WICC ). The city also has a central train station.
- Persib Bandung, football club
Sons and daughters of the town
- Fred Klein (1898-1990), Dutch painter and father of Yves Klein
- Johan Fabricius (1899-1981), Dutch writer, illustrator, journalist and adventurer
- Henk Bading (1907-1987), Dutch composer
- Tan Joe Hok (* 1987), Indonesian badminton player
- Eddie de Haas ( born 1930 ), Dutch - American jazz bassist
- Robert Kreis ( b. 1949 ), Dutch cabaret performer, pianist and entertainer
- Abdullah Gymnastiar (* 1962), Indonesian Islamic preacher
- Taufik Hidayat ( born 1981 ), Indonesian badminton player
- Germany Braunschweig, Germany, since 1960
- United States Fort Worth, United States, since 1990
- Flag of South Korea Suwon, South Korea, since 2003
- Slovakia Topolcianky, Slovakia, since 2009
- China People's Republic of Liuzhou, China, since 2009
- People's Republic of China Yingkou, People's Republic of China, since 2009