Belaruskaja tschyhunka ( BTsch or BC ) or ( Russian) Belorusskaja schelesnaja doroga is the Belarusian Railways. Center of the rail network of Belaruskaja Tschyhunka is the central Minsk passenger station in Minsk Passaschyrski or - for freight transport - the rail yard Minsk Sartaval'ny.
The Belaruskaja tschyhunka emerged after the collapse of the Soviet Union as a successor to the Soviet railways on the Belarusian territory. As a state-owned enterprise which BTsch is subordinated to the Belarusian Ministry of Transport. President of the Society is Vladimir Scherelo.
The railway network in Belarus has few exceptions the inherited from the times of Russian and Soviet rule, Russian standard gauge of 1520 mm and is operated by the State Railway BTsch. Large parts of the network are electrified at 25 kV 50 Hz. In addition to the dense freight traffic on main lines run reservations- distance trains and suburban trains reservation free.
The car park is still largely Soviet origin. It especially diesel locomotives Russian and Ukrainian production ( Lokomotivfabrik Kolomna ) and the frequent also in Russia originally Czechoslovakian electric locomotives are used. In suburban and regional services next EMUs ( " elektrichka " ) are also to be found diesel railcar sets. Cars are often out of GDR production and correspond to the Soviet standard model.
- Minsk Passaschyrski ( Hauptbahnhof people of Minsk)
- Minsk Sartaval'ny ( marshalling yard of Minsk)
- Station Assipowitschy ( Assipowitschy )
- Station Baranawitschi ( Baranawitschi )
- Station Brest ( Brest)
- Station Homel ( Gomel )
- Station Grodno ( Hrodna )
- Station Mogilev ( Mahilyow )
- Station Maladsetschna ( Maladsetschna )
- Station Orsha ( Orsha )
- Station Zhlobin ( Zhlobin )
- Station Vitebsk ( Vitebsk )
The national rail network has a star-shaped alignment to the centrally located capital Minsk. Peripheral vertices are Hrodna, Brest, Gomel, Mogilev, Orsha and Vitebsk. To tap the large urban areas, for example in Minsk there are S -Bahn -like Vorortzugsysteme ( " elektrichka "). The railway is an important carrier of domestic freight. There are efforts to modernize both the rail network as well as the car park.
Belarus is an important transit country. The international, the country traversing trails are found mainly in northeast-southwest direction. Most significantly, the connection from Warsaw ( Poland) via Brest -Minsk - Orsha to Smolensk - Moscow and Prague - Katowice -Minsk - Moscow is Vltava (Russia ) and Vitebsk - Saint Petersburg ( Russia). Important next to it is also the connection Vilnius-Minsk-Homel/Kiew and Vilnius on Baranovitchi after Rivne (Ukraine). Most trains between the region of Kaliningrad and the Russian mainland also operate on Belarusian territory. At the border stations Brest and Grodno (towards Poland) there are axle changing stations for passenger cars, where bogies and couplers can be exchanged.
The Belaruskaja Tschyhunka operates a luxury train for rail cruises in eastern and north-eastern Europe under the name Bella Russia Courier.