The Bigge (also Biggetalsperre ) is a 8.76 km ² large reservoir in the district of Olpe, in North Rhine -Westphalia ( Germany ).

The Bigge, whose dam was built from 1956 to 1965, the regulation of Bigge, Lenne and Ruhr rivers and water supply, among others, of the Ruhr serves.

  • 5.1 rail and bus
  • 5.2 roads
  • 5.3 Marine
  • 5.4 cycle paths
  • 5.5 trails

Geographical location

The Bigge is located in the southern part of the Sauerland between cities Attendorn Olpe in the north and the south. It extends approximately in the center of the Natural Park Ebbegebirge. The reservoir from Lenne inflow Bigge and, among other things Bieke, Brachtpe, Bremgebach, Dumicke and Lister is powered by fins.

Itself ( Kreis Olpe ) and Meinerzhagen ( Maerkischer circle) extends to the west Lister directly to the Bigge adjacent to the area of ​​the cities Drolshagen the formerly independent Listertalsperre.

In Bigge is the approximately 34 -acre Gilberginsel that forms a nature reserve together with the adjacent shore region.


Mainly used for the storage of raw water Bigge for the Ruhr in order to ensure a uniform amount of water in the Ruhr. From the reservoir up to 40 % of the required subsidy of all water reservoirs will be issued in the river system of the Ruhr on Bigge and Lenne. Furthermore, it is an important task of flood protection. In the flood-prone period from 1 November to 1 February, a flood control space is kept free from 32 million cubic meters; this is released in the period from 1 February to 1 May for the impoundment. In addition, a hydro power plant produces about 22 million kWh of electricity per year. The installed power of the three large and a small Francis turbine is 15.6 MW. The Extraction of water from the reservoir is preferably via the power plant. Operators of the dam is the Ruhr Association. With the neighboring Listertalsperre the Bigge dam forms a large reservoir system.

Construction of Biggetalsperre

1956 adopted by the Parliament of North Rhine -Westphalia is one law for the financing of Biggetalsperre.

On 1 August 1956, the Biggetalsperre Act came into force. After that, the city works were obligated to collect from any water consumers in the supply area 1.2 cent per cubic meter of water related as so-called " Bigge penny " to finance the construction of Biggetalsperre. Last was the " Bigge penny " 1.79 ct / m³ and was discontinued in late 2009.

The construction of the Bigge Dam began in 1956 and was finished in 1965, but the plans date back to the year 1938. Dating back to 1912 Listertalsperre became a forebay of the newly formed dam. The overall system comprises a storage volume of 171.7 million m³, of which 150.1 million to the Bigge and 21.6 million at the Lister. Thus, the Biggetalsperre is about the capacity of the fifth largest reservoir in Germany. The catchment area of both reservoirs covering an area of 287 km ². The reservoirs themselves have a water area of 8.76 km ² and a length of about 20 km. The greatest depth is Biggesee with full back approximately 52 m.

Around 2550 people had for Biggetalsperre in the newly built towns New Listernohl, But - Hanemicke and Eichhagen be resettled. There were 4.4 km national highway, 14.8 km highway, 18.2 km county and township roads and 31 km border routes, along 68.4 kilometers roads and trails built. The railway line Finnentrop -Freudenberg was also rebuilt in the area of the dam. For the new roads, the construction of eight major viaducts and 24 smaller bridges was required.

Also the Mary Chapel Waldenburg had to give way to the construction of the Biggetalsperre. It was implemented by the bank of Biggesee.

The barrier structure is used in the case of Biggetalsperre a 52 m high rockfill dam with asphalt -concrete poetry. In contrast, the Listertalsperre has a dam.


Over the years, Bigge and Listertalsperre to tourist magnets have developed. In addition to the possibility of water sports (sailing, windsurfing, rowing, canoeing, fishing and diving) on or in Bigge currently operate two ships on the reservoir. In previous years there were four: three of them on the main lake, a canal boat on the pre- Taub corners. There are two official dive sites that Weuste and Kraghammer saddle, and a diving school at the campsite at the " Sonderner head ". In addition, numerous biking and hiking trails around the reservoir and in the surrounding area. Especially in the summer time this brisk be used. Between the dam and the Waldburger bay there since July 2013 an observation deck " Bigge view " with beautiful views over the Bigge. Along the lakeshore path tables were set up in recent years that show the Biggetal and its villages before the construction of the lake. Many vacationers takes up quarters around the campsites around the two lakes, of which six are located in the immediate vicinity to the water. The Biggetalsperre belonged until 2011 to the route of the industrial culture, namely to topics Route 12: Past and Present of the Ruhr.

Tourism development

Was Having invested in recent years mainly on the south side of the lake in the tourist infrastructure ( renovation of lying on the banks of the leisure pool in Olpe, establishment of an illuminated circular path around the pre- Taub corners, setting up a catering pavilion on the lake shore ), it came in 2009, also on the northern shore of the lake to improvements. In addition to the acquisition of the tourist train " Biggolino " which runs between the Atta cave Attendorn and the dam on the lake since Easter 2009, a café overlooking the lake of Biggerandweg was also built on the dam crest and illuminated in this area. In the fall of 2009, the ruins of Waldenburg cut free on behalf of Olpe, so that they can be seen from afar. The Bigge GmbH also currently operates the rehabilitation of disused mini golf course in the vicinity of the campsite Waldburger bay. In June 2010, by the backfilling of 1,500 tons of sand the existing beach " Waldburger bay " turned into a 7000 sqm beach club. This is the largest in Germany and has two beach volleyball courts, food and children's entertainment.

As part of the Regional 2013 Südwestfalen the Olpe district is taking with the project " Nature experience region Bigge - Listersee " an attempt overlooking recreational and tourism services significantly enhance the lake and to establish an attractive nature adventure area for the region and beyond the borders of southern Westphalia addition.


Rail and bus

The Bigge is on the single track railway Finnentrop -Freudenberg, on the hourly rail passenger transport in Bigge Express (RB 92) with LINT -27 trainsets of Olpe, with some stops near the reservoir shore, to Finnentrop with connection to the Ruhr- Sieg -Express ( RE 16) wrong. In special, there is a harbor station, which allows a direct transition from the car to the passenger ship and the only Seebahnhof Nordrhein-Westfalen's.

An architectural feature are the two double-storey concrete bridges with two end of the reservoir. On the lower level leads the railway line, over the road. The two bridges are about 1 to 1.5 km east of the Lister Dam.

In the road passenger transport bus services run, the open up the Bigge. Operators are the VWS based in Siegen, a company of Wern Group, and the BRS ( bus Rhein-Sieg GmbH). In addition, lines of the bus company go 'regional services Köln " on Bigge along.

Rail and road passenger transport are summarized in Westphalia Transport Community South ( VGWS ).

The Bigge is accessible from two federal highways:

  • A 4 (E 40) Aachen - Kreuztal - Krombach, Connection Point: Contact ( at the motorway junction Olpe- Süd) and
  • The A45 (Sauerland line) ( E 41 ) Dortmund - Aschaffenburg. Hydrants: (18 ) Olpe, (17 ) Drolshagen and (16) Meinerzhagen and the federal highways 54 Hagen- Siegen - Olpe, Olpe 55 -Lenne city of Meschede.

Furthermore, provision of national road 512 on the left bank of Olpe to Attendorn.


On the Bigge you can take boat trips, it run from April to end of October two ships ( MS and MS Bigge Westphalia ) boat trip on the Bigge. A round trip takes about two hours. There are five pick-up points.

Cycle paths

Around the Bigge there is a closed cycle network.


There are a variety of marked hiking paths around the lakes, IVV hiking trails in Olpe.