Canadian Rockies


Position of the Canadian Rocky Mountains

The Canadian Rocky Mountains are the part of the North American Rocky Mountains, located in the Canadian provinces of Alberta and British Columbia. They are adjacent to the U.S. states of Idaho and Montana. The northern end is at the Liard level in British Columbia. The highest elevation is 3954 m high Mount Robson.

Contrary to the widespread assumption to the Rocky Mountains and the mountains in Alaska would include the mountain is north of the River Liard Mackenzie Mountains called, but does not belong to the Rocky Mountains. The mountains west of the Rocky Mountains in southern British Columbia are called the Columbia Mountains and are also not part of the Rocky Mountains.


The Canadian Rocky Mountains are the easternmost part of the Canadian Cordillera, the name for all mountains in Western Canada. These in turn are part of the American Cordillera, the name of the entire American mountain range from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego.

The Canadian Rocky Mountains are located in the provinces of British Columbia and Alberta, they are bounded by the Canadian prairie in Alberta and to the west by the Rocky Mountain Trench in British Columbia in the east.

Highest elevations

See List of highest mountains in the Canadian Rockies

  • Mount Robson, 3954 m
  • Mount Columbia, 3747 m (the highest mountain in Alberta)

National parks and provincial parks

In the Canadian Rockies are five national parks. Four of these national parks include under the name Canadian Rocky Mountains National Park, the world heritage site of the Rocky Mountains. These four parks are:

  • Banff National Park
  • Jasper National Park
  • Kootenay National Park
  • Yoho National Park

The fifth park, which is not part of the World Heritage Site:

  • Waterton Lakes National Park

Provincial parks that are part of the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks World Heritage Site: