Mount Robson Provincial Park
IUCN Category II - National Park
The Mount Robson
Mount Robson Provincial Park is a provincial park in the Canadian province of British Columbia. It is located in the Canadian Rocky Mountains and is a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
The park is located in the province of Alberta border, and borders to the Jasper National Park. The 2248 km ² large reserve extends to the 3954 m high Mount Robson, the highest peak in the Canadian Rockies. Through the park Yellowhead Highway runs through the 1146 meter high Yellowhead Pass, which forms the border with Alberta. Parallel to the road have been even a railway line, a pipeline and major fiber optic cable through the park. The largest lake in the park area is the eleven -kilometer-long and up to 1.9 kilometers wide Moose Lake, another major lakes are the Yellowhead Lake, Whitney Lake and Mountain Lake. The Fraser River rises in the southwest of the park, flows through the Moose Lake and plunges over the nine-foot Overlander Falls.
To the west of the park and four kilometers from the settlement Tête Jaune Cache is the, founded in 1991, 48 acres of Rearguard Falls Provincial Park with another waterfall of the Fraser River, the six -meter-high Rearguard Falls.
In the park is a protected area category II (National Park).
The park was established in 1913 by an Act of the legislature of British Columbia and is therefore, according to the 1911 furnished Strathcona Provincial Park, the second oldest Provincial Park in the province. Since 1990 he has been a part of the Park in the Canadian Rocky Mountains World Heritage Site, which also includes the national parks of Banff, Jasper, Yoho and Kootenay as well as the Provincial Parks Mount Assiniboine and Hamber.
Flora and Fauna
Within the ecosystem of British Columbia, the park area, both the Englemann Spruce - Subalpine Fir zone with the Moist Mild subzone and the Sub - boreal Spruce zone is associated with the Dry Hot subzone. This Biogeoklimatischen zones are characterized by the same climate and the same or similar biological and geological conditions. This results in the respective zones then a very similar inventory of plants and animals.
The lower elevations of the park are covered with mountain forest of Douglas fir, Engelmann spruce and black spruce. In the marshes at the lower end of Moose Lake there are elk, next to live in the woods mule and white -tailed deer and black bear. In the higher elevations above the tree line and into the rock regions woodland caribou, grizzly bears, mountain goats, bighorn sheep, hoary marmots and Pikas occur. The park management has over 180 different bird species in the park area. The Rearguard Falls are a terminus for many king salmon on its 1200 km long road through the Fraser River to their spawning grounds in the fall.
At Mount Robson Viewpoint on the Yellowhead Highway, the visitor center of the park. In the park there are several picnic areas and three campgrounds. The park is crossed numerous hiking trails, including the 22- kilometer mountain Lake Trail.
The park has 180 ( partially reservable ) pitches for caravans and tents and equipped with bathroom with shower.
Caribou in Mount Robson Provincial Park
Kinney Lake with Mount Whitehorn