The 1805 km ² large Gros Morne National Park (English Gros Morne National Park of Canada, French Parc national du Canada du Gros - Morne ) is located on the west coast of Newfoundland. He is after the Torngat Mountains National Park is the second largest park in Atlantic Canada. In 1987, the park was named by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
The park's name is derived from Newfoundland 's second highest mountain ( Gros Morne Mountain), whose name means something like " large, detached hill" and reaches a height of 806 m.
The park is located in the Long Range Mountains, the foothills of the Appalachians. It is located on the western side of Newfoundland. The landscape is formed by fjords, bays, lakes, plateaus and mountain valleys.
In the park are the Pissing Mare Falls, which plunge with a height of 350 m in the Western Brook Pond and the highest waterfalls in the eastern part of the North American continent.
One of the scenic highlights is the Western Brook Pond, an original Fjord, which is formed during the last ice age, has lost the connection to the open sea lost after the melting of the ice and is now filled with one of the cleanest fresh waters of the earth. This and other fjords, the ground by glaciers ridge and the hanging valleys, illustrate findings from the glaciology and geomorphology.
The park also contains the geologically valuable Tablelands, a desert-like moonscape of red rock, which brings the actual earth's crust to the fore. The Tablelands are therefore for research in the field of plate tectonics is of great importance. The Tablelands were the decisive reason that the national park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Another scenic highlight are the Green Gardens, which join in a national park on the Tablelands. However, while the Tablelands notice by an extremely barren landscape, is recorded in the Green Gardens is a strikingly intense plant growth.
Finds of sedimentary rock in the park indicate oceanic past. These rock layers were 540-440 million years ago, during the Cambrian and Ordovician So, seabeds.
Animal and plant life
In the park, among others, lynx, black bear, caribou, moose, foxes and bald eagles are native. Off the coast of whales can be observed. Carnivorous plants such as Pitcher plants, herbs and fat sundew belong to the flora of the national park.
Coast of the St. Lawrence Gulf
The Gros Morne Mountain seen from the Tablelands from