Sable Island National Park Reserve
The Sable Iceland National Park (English Sable Iceland National Park Reserve, French Réserve de parc national du Canada de l' Ile -de- Sable ) is a in June 2013, when 43, insider Canadian National Park in the province of Nova Scotia. It is managed by Parks Canada and is located on Sable Iceland, about 300 kilometers southeast of Halifax in the Atlantic. The modern English name of the island comes from the French l' île de Sable, on German sand island back.
The island is protected inter alia by the Canada Shipping Act under which means that visitors permission from the Canadian Coast Guard will need to visit the island. Access to the island and the national park is not free. The landing permissions for a helicopter or seaplane cost between 200 and 500 C $ 300 C $ and an overnight stay. The establishment of the park meant that within may be sought by one nautical mile, not by oil or natural gas.
The written history of the island dates back to the 16th century. The location of the island in a major shipping route led in 1801 to the fact that was a life-saving station set up on the island and later expanded. Only in 1958, the station was abandoned. 1873 the first lighthouse was built on the island. The former buildings are now partially or. Use and in house facilities of the National Park and the Meteorological Service of Canada
Flora and Fauna
The island lacks trees. It is instead covered with beach grass and other low -growing vegetation. In order to reduce soil erosion, planted the Canadian federal government in 1901, more than 80,000 trees. None of the trees could be stopped and all were dying. From a subsequent planting in 1960 survived only a single jaw. Although already 50 years old she is only a few feet high.
The island is now home to about 400 Sable Iceland ponies. The 1961 are already under protection. Further, on the island several large breeding colonies are established, among other things, can be found there, the arctic tern and a Spatzenart, the Ipswich Sparrow. Many other species are based here, breed or use the island as a resting place on their migration.
Furthermore, the island is home to, among others, of seals and western Atlantic gray seals. These bring here in the spring also junior to the world. Are hunted seals and seals it from the Greenland shark.