Castelo Branco, Portugal
Template: Infobox Municipio / maintenance / management address is empty
Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / card is empty
Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / Height is empty Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / Postal Code is empty Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / mayor is empty
Castelo Branco (Portuguese for White Fort, IPA [ kɐʃ'tɛlu ' bɾɐku ] ) is a city in Portugal. It is the capital of the district of Castelo Branco, belongs to the region Centro Region and sub-region Beira Interior Sul. It has 35 161 inhabitants (as at 30 June 2011).
Probably built by the ancient Romans conquered fortress was built in 1165 during the Reconquista of Portugal and in 1182 the Knights Templar leave, a castle built here (1230 completed ). His first city rights ( Foral ) was the place 1213. During the 13th century the town developed and grew over the city walls beyond. Therefore, King Afonso IV had the city walls expand in 1343. Also a significant Jewish community lived here.
King Manuel I renewed the city rights 1510. In 1535, Castelo Branco first to Vila ( town ) has been charged.
The place was in 1771 raised to the city ( Cidade ). He was then a bishopric before the diocese was dissolved again in 1881.
Since 1959, the city is the seat of the district of the same name. In 2011, the speech de Judiarias was founded, an association of places with historically significant Jewish communities to which Castelo Branco heard.
Castelo Branco is the center of one of the largest districts of Portugal, which covers 1438 km ². In the circle of life 56 033 inhabitants (as at 30 June 2011) in 25 municipalities. Neighboring districts are Fundão in the north, Idanha -a-Nova in the south, Vila Velha de Ródão in the southeast and Proença- a-Nova and Oleiros in the West. In the south also Castelo Branco bordering Spain.
The communes of the district of Castelo Branco are the following:
- Cafe de
- Castelo Branco ( Freguesia )
- Cebolais de Cima
- Escalos de Baixo
- Escalos de Cima
- Freixial do Campo
- Juncal do Campo
- Louriçal do Campo
- Malpica do Tejo
- Monforte da Beira
- Ninho do Açor
- Póvoa de Rio de Moinhos
- Salgueiro do Campo
- Santo André the Tojeiras
- São Vicente da Beira
- Sobral do Campo
- Brazil Brazil: Umuarama
- Spain: Cáceres
- People's Republic of China People's Republic of China: Zhuhai
- Brazil Brazil: Petrolina
- Spain: Plasencia
- Angola: Huambo
Castelo Branco is located on the A23 motorway and is a stop on the railway line Linha da Beira Baixa. The village is part of the nationwide bus network of speech Expressos.
The city area is covered by six bus routes, added various regional bus services to surrounding towns and cities.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Afonso de Paiva (1443-1490), explorer and diplomat
- Amatus Lusitanus (1511-1568), Jewish- Portuguese doctor
- Manuel Dias (1574-1659), Jesuit missionary and astronomer
- João da Mota e Silva (1685-1747), Cardinal and politician
- José Ramos Preto (1871-1949), lawyer and politician, briefly Prime Minister in 1920
- Maria Olguim (1894-1984), actress
- Eugenia Lima ( born 1926 ), accordion musician
- António Baltasar Marcelino (1930-2013), Bishop of Aveiro
- António Salvado (* 1936), writer and poet
- Ângela Ribeiro ( born 1940 ), actress
- Vasco Lourenço ( b. 1942 ), member of the revolutionary Movimento the forcas Armadas
- Marcal Grilo (* 1942), politician, Minister of Education (1995-1999)
- Carlos Correia (* 1947), writer, playwright, educator and communications expert
- José Manuel Castanheira ( born 1952 ), theater director
- João Filipe Vaz ranches, sports journalist also known in Spain for its analysis and knowledge of the Lusophone football.
- Nuno Melo ( b. 1960 ), actor
- Joaquim Nicolau (born 1964 ), actor
- Nuno Filipe Sousa Dias Rolão Santos (born 1976 ), football player
- Ana Hormigo (* 1981), judoka
- Sónia Tavares ( born 1986 ), athlete