Socialist Party (Portugal)
The Partido Socialista [ pɐɾ'tidu susjɐ'liʃtɐ ] listen? / I, abbreviated PS, to German Socialist Party is a social democratic party in Portugal and in addition to the Partido Social Democrata one of the two major parties in Portugal.
She is a member of the Socialist International and the Party of European Socialists, and currently has seven members in the European Parliament.
As a youth organization of the party operates the Socialist Youth JS ( Juventude Socialista ). As press organs of the PS appear Portugal Socialista and Acção Socialista. The Fundação Mário Soares Foundation is also assigned to the PS.
The Partido Socialista was (Portuguese: Acção Socialista Portuguesa ) on 19 April 1973 in the German town of Bad Münster Eifel by militant members of the Portuguese Socialist movement founded.
The Socialist Party has a number of predecessor organizations in Portugal.
As the oldest socialist party founded in 1875 by the true Azedo Gneco, Antero de Quental, José Fontana and others launched Portuguese Socialist Party ( Partido Socialista Português).
After the banning of all political parties in 1926 by coup -border military under Manuel de Oliveira Gomes da Costa was divided among the onset of persecution and the organizations of the socialist movement. In opposition to the Estado Novo but emerged again and again short-lived illegal socialist groups and organizations - as the Socialist Action ( Acção Socialista, 1942-1944 ), the Independent Socialist Party ( Partido Socialista Independente, 1944), the Socialist Union ( União Socialista, 1944 - 1950), the workers' Party ( Partido Trabalhista, 1947), the Socialist front ( Frente Socialista, 1950-1954 ) and other additional parties.
As an important grouping for later founded the Socialist Party of Portugal, the Portuguese founded in Geneva, among others, Mário Soares, Manuel Tito de Morais, Tierno Galvan and Francisco Ramos da Costa in November 1964 should prove Socialist Action (ASP Acção Socialista Portuguesa ). The ASP built a network of illegal contacts in Portugal, developed links with international socialist parties and organizations, announced in May 1967 its own journal, Portugal Socialista, out and in 1972 a member of the Socialist International (SI).
Then, out of the ASP out on April 19, 1973 with the support of the Socialist International, and especially the SPD and the SPD - affiliated Friedrich Ebert Foundation in the wine house founded " At the noise" in the German town of Bad Münstereifel the Portuguese Socialist Party. To their undisputed leader Mário Soares was. Even after the establishment of the party was with funds amounting to millions supported by the SPD, especially for party building, official training and election campaigns. Also, Willy Brandt Mário Soares helped through joint international performances to gain prestige.
After the Carnation Revolution of 1974 succeeded the Socialist Party, to evolve from a cadre party to a people's party. The party played a crucial role in the implementation and consolidation of democratic structures in Portugal and was or is involved in many governments (see Third Republic ).
From 2005 to 2011, the PS was the sole ruling party under Prime Minister José Sócrates. This was after the elections to the Portuguese Parliament on February 20, 2005 Prime Minister. The party won here for the first time in its history, the absolute majority (120 of 230 seats). The long-standing Portuguese President Jorge Sampaio was also a member of the party, his successor, Aníbal Cavaco Silva, however, belongs to the conservative Partido Social Democrata on. The leader of the party was up to the October 2004 Eduardo Ferro Rodrigues, although he resigned on 9 July 2004 in protest against the decision of the President, in the chair of the European Commission identified no new elections despite the change of Durão Barroso. In October, José Sócrates became his successor.
On their VI. Congress in 1986 in Lisbon took the party to programmatic orientations that still have validity in their basic orientation. In the first section of the " Basic Principles " is defined: " The PS is a political organization of the Portuguese in search of a Democratic Socialism the solution of national problems and the answer to the social needs of our time. " This view is on the XIII. Congress confirmed in November 2002 and supplemented by the " unambiguous defense of democracy."
Election results since 1976
1In the Republican and Socialist Front, with the Left Union of Socialist Democracy and the Independent Social Democratic Action.
- Mário Soares: 1973-1986
- Almeida Santos ( in the meantime ): 1986
- Vítor Constancio: 1986-1989
- Jorge Sampaio: 1989-1992
- António Guterres: 1992-2002
- Eduardo Ferro Rodrigues: 2002-2004
- José Sócrates: 2004-2011
- António José Seguro: 2011 -present
Prime Minister of Portugal
- Mário Soares: 1976-1978, 1983-1985
- António Guterres: 1995-2002
- José Sócrates: 2005-2011
President of Portugal
- Mário Soares: 1986-1996
- Jorge Sampaio: 1996-2006