Dei Verbum

After the opening words of Dei Verbum, the Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation of Vatican II is quoted. The council decided this main document on November 18, 1965 was preceded by the Constitution on the Liturgy Sacrosanctum Concilium on December 4, 1963 and the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen Gentium, 21 November 1964.; oriented to the world today through the Pastoral Constitution Gaudium et Spes followed on 7 December 1965.


Dei Verbum, the inerrancy of Scripture in the context of modern science and of fidelity to the tradition of the Church alike dar. The official church document is thus the positive doctrinal statement succeeded, the beginning of the century (see Modernism ) was not yet mature.

So the need is stressed as in No. 12, to explore the historical situation and the literary form of biblical texts. On the other hand, the Bible is to be read in inspiration, in which it was written. From this it concludes a unity of Scripture; In addition, the living tradition of the whole Church must be taken into consideration.

The following are specific statements on the parts of the Bible. In No. 19 about the Church holds " firmly that the four Gospels mentioned, whose historicity she affirms without hesitation, reliably deliver what Jesus, the Son of God, really did and taught in his life among men for their eternal salvation up to the day he was taken up " to heaven. After that, the editorial work of this Gospel writers but is then described and pointed out that they " chose " and many reproductions in summary.


. Joseph Ratzinger, former theologian of the Council, the future Pope Benedict XVI, totaled 1967, the result of four years of discussions like this: " The text, which was solemnly proclaimed on that day by the pope, of course, bears the traces of his arduous history, he is a expression of a variety of compromises. But the basic compromise who wears it, but is more than a compromise, it is a synthesis of great importance: the text combines fidelity to the Church's tradition with the Yes to critical science, opening up new faith the way into the present. " ( introduction and commentary, see literature).

Text output

  • Latin: Acta Apostolicae Sedis. Volume 59, 1966, pp. 817-836
  • Latin / German: Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation. In: Encyclopedia of Theology and Church. 2nd edition, Supplementary Volume II, 1967, pp. 497-583 ( introductions and comments: Joseph Ratzinger ( Chapters 1, 2 and 6), Aloys Grill Meier (Chapter 3), Béda Rigaux (chapters 4 and 5) )
  • Latin / German: Eduard Stakemeier: The Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation: Will, content and theological significance; Latin and German text with comment. 2nd edition, Boniface, Paderborn1967 ISBN 3-87088-035- X
  • German: Karl Rahner and Herbert Vorgrimler: Small Council Compendium. Herder, Freiburg 1968, ISBN 3-451-27735-2