The Douglas DC -5 is the least known aircraft from the DC series of the Douglas Aircraft Company. She was a short-haul aircraft, designed for 16 to 22 passengers, and lifted on 20 February 1939 maiden flight from. It was intended to complement the aircraft DC-3 and DC-4 over very short distances and not as a replacement for the DC-3, as is often claimed. This shoulder Decker caught the attention of airlines, so went before the war by orders of KLM, British Imperial Airways, the Pennsylvania Central Airlines and Colombian SCADTA. Even William Edward Boeing ordered a DC -5 as a private plane, because the company could not provide a comparable product.
The Second World War ended the career of the DC - 5, however, prematurely, and the airlines withdrew their orders back gradually. So just a prototype, four DC -5 built for KLM and seven designated as R3D machines for the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Marine Corps were. The Dutch DC -5 were used in the evacuation of Java. A DC -5 was captured by the Japanese. The other DC -5 KLM were taken by the United States Army Air Forces and designated as C- 110. A machine went on a crash landing to break, another was destroyed in a Japanese air raid. The last C -110 was sold and appeared in 1948 in Israel, where she was employed until her scrapping in 1955 the Israeli Air Force.
The DC -5 was a " right aircraft at the wrong time " in the history of the Douglas Aircraft Company as that. Had the aircraft been equipped with a pressurized cabin, it is said, would have a competing product to Convair CV 240 can represent. In addition, it is speculated that Boeing won a DC 5 knowledge of the which were later sold to Fokker. This knowledge should have been the basis for the later Fokker F-27.
Nowadays there is not a single Douglas DC -5 more. This is the DC -5 ( after the Douglas DC-1, was built by only one copy ) of the second type of aircraft from the DC series, which has not been preserved for posterity.
- Mike Hardy: Douglas Uncommercial. In: Aeroplane Monthly. 24, April 1996, ISSN 0143-7240.
- Arthur Pearcy: Douglas Propliners DC 1 - DC - seventh Airlife, Shrewsbury 1995, ISBN 1-85310-261- X.