Emperor Shenzong of Song
Yuan-Feng (元丰) 1078-1085
Song Shenzong (Chinese宋 神宗, Pinyin Song Shenzong; born May 25, 1048 Kaifeng, † April 1, 1085 ) was the sixth emperor of the ( Northern ) Song dynasty (Chinese北宋, Pinyin With song ) and reigned from 1067 to 1085. His temple name means "Divine Ahn ".
Born under the name of Zhao Zhongzhen as the son of Emperor Yinzong he changed the name in Zhao Xu at the throne of his father, who reigned only briefly. The Emperor Shenzong time is marked by the introduction of the reforms of the philosopher Wang Anshis (1021-1086) in the year ( 1069), the Emperor rose to his Chancellor. They served a more equitable distribution of the tax burden and labor services, which were worn by the peasants and craftsmen, and lead out to the nation out of the doldrums of poverty and weakness. The reforms mainly related to the financial management and the reorganization of the troops. It laws and regulations on land surveying and tax equality, price control, to the liberation from labor service to a Vorerntedarlehen and construction of irrigation facilities has been adopted. The reforms were repealed but again at the end of the reign Shenzongs; enforced the laws were now the new Chancellor Sima Guang (1019-1086), an opponent of Wang Anshi. The son and successor Song Shenzongs, Zhezong, the reforms in 1093 resulted in a short term, but she achieved long term hardly any effect. The ultimate failure of the reforms led to the intensification of class contradictions. New peasant uprisings led by Song Jiang in Shandong and Fang La in Zhejiang were the result.
In foreign policy, trying to free his dynasty from the threat of the Tangut Empire Shenzong. He marched into the country and forced the Xixia forces from Qingzhou (now Gansu ). After initial successes Shenzongs armies were defeated in the battle for the city Yongle in 1082. The kingdom of Xixia was thus increasingly stronger and was the proverbial thorn in the Song Dynasty for the next time.
Kaiser Shenzong was a friend of selected paintings. The from Fengyang ( Anhui Province) derived painter and draftsman Bái Cui (Chinese崔 白, Pinyin Cui Bó, W.-G. Ts'ui Po) was known as a brilliant and looked at the court in Kaifeng orders. Shenzong undertook to paint for him him after he took power. Just a painting of Cui Bo is preserved to this day, "Hare and two magpies ", also known as "The Two Magpies " or " The two felicities ."
In the year 1080 named Emperor Shenzong in the 916 (time of Late Liang Dynasty, according to other data already 907 ( Tangzeit ) ) under the name Bu -ken- qu - Quan Yin Yuan (Chinese不肯 去 观音 院) temple built on the island of Zhoushan (Zhejiang Province) in Bao- tuo - Guanyin -Si order (Chinese宝 陀 观音 寺) and donated to the temple organization country, which was an improvement of the temple complex.