After the visit of the Spanish public school in Montalban, he studied at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran in Manila and acquired there in 1896 with a Bachelor of Arts (BA).
His political career began as a member of the party Democrata 1906 as Munizipalpräsident ( mayor) of Montalban and held that post ten years until 1916. Subsequently, he was elected in June 1916 as Governor of the Province Montalban and re-elected in June 1922. On July 23, 1923, the former U.S. governor-general Leonard Wood appointed him mayor of Manila.
After he was elected in February 1924 Member of the Philippine Assembly and represented there at first until May 1925 election the district Nueva Vizcaya. Then he was there, representative of the interests of the 2nd electoral district of Rizal and re-elected as such both 1931 and 1934. In 1933 he changed the course of the debate on sovereignty ( Independence Law ) for the majority party Nacionalista Party, which he remained until his death.
On 26 July 1934 he was appointed by U.S. Governor-General Frank Murphy for Agriculture and Trade Minister ( Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce ) and confirmed by the creation of the Commonwealth of the Philippines in 1935 on January 15, 1940 by President Manuel Quezon in this office.
After he resigned on 28 August 1941 as a minister, he successfully ran for a seat in the Senate. Later, his mandate was initially extended until November 1947, before he was eventually re-elected in 1946.
On April 30, 1952, he was first elected president of the Senate and held that post almost a year until 17 April 1953. In 1954 he was again President of the Senate and remained in this position until his retirement from the Senate in 1963.